Acta Scientific Otolaryngology (ASOL) (ISSN: 2582-5550)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Quality of Life After Tracheostomy. A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Centre

Rajwant Kaur1* and Pawan Kumar2

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India
2Department of Orthopaedics, AP Trauma Centre and hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Rajwant Kaur, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India.

Received: November 25, 2021; Published: January 28, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Tracheostomy changes the lives of the patients as well as of their relative. As care of the patients, their tube, and is full of challenges. Aim of study to highlight challenges and recommendations were suggested to improve the same.

Material and Methods: 108 subjects were enrolled in the study. 67 participant were assessed after 2 ½ month for quality of life using SF 36 questionnaire on follow up visit or using online web method by what Sapp and telephonically conversation using online link (https://orthotoolkit.com/sf-36/). After analysis of the result recommendations were suggested to improve quality care of these patients.

Result: Among the 108 patients only 67 were included after their consent in the study. 31 patients were decannulated successfully whereas rest 36 were still tracheotomised. The SF-36 questionnaire consists of 36 items measuring eight multi-item domains in a 0–100 scale, a higher score representing a better condition: physical (PF) and social functioning (SF), role limitations due to physical (RP) or emotional problems (RE), mental health (MH), vitality (VT), bodily pain (BP) and general health (GH). The reliability and validity of the SF-36 has been evaluated in the critically ill population. It was found that tracheostomized patient’s quality of life was badly affected in all the eight multi-item domains. So after analysis recommendations were suggested to improve quality care of these patients which is often neglected.

Conclusion: Present study analysed the challenges faced by this group of people and accordingly recommendation were suggested to improve their quality of care. 

Keywords: Trachea; SF-36 Questionnaire; Decannualation; Global Tracheostomy Collaborative; Percutaneous Tracheostomy

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Citation

Citation: Rajwant Kaur and Pawan Kumar. “Quality of Life After Tracheostomy. A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Centre".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 4.3 (2022): 41-48.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Rajwant Kaur and Pawan Kumar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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