Acta Scientific Otolaryngology (ASOL) (ISSN: 2582-5550)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 6

Tobacco Usage and Assessment of Oral Health and Knowledge of Oral Cancer Amongst OPD Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Sikkim

Upasana Kotoki1 and Mohonish N Chettri2*

1Intern, SMIMS, SMU, Sikkim, India
2Associate Professor of ENT, SMIMS, SMU, Sikkim, India

*Corresponding Author: Mohonish N Chettri, Associate Professor of ENT, SMIMS, SMU, Sikkim, India.

Received: December 21, 2020; Published: May 11, 2021

Abstract

Tobacco is one of the major health problems in Sikkim as it is worldwide. Oral cancer is common in Asia, and this is due to its association with smoking betel and alcohol consumption. Incidence varies, with highest rates in South Asia, particularly India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This is a cross sectional study on 100 patients attending OPD in a tertiary care hospital. The data for the Tobacco usage was assessed using a questionnaire which is adapted from a published article of similar nature in a different setup and location and the dependence of Nicotine was assessed using Fagerstrom questionnaire. This small scale hospital based study is an attempt to see the trends of Tobacco consumption in patients presenting to tertiary care hospital in Sikkim with the GATS Indicators of India 2016-2017. The consumption trend are in line whereas the knowledge attitude and perception seems to be better. The alleged data on exposure of second hand smoke in public places restaurants etc. seems to be more than the national average so does the motivation to quit based on various initiative seems to be on a higher front.

Keywords: Tobacco; Smoking; Nicotine; Fagerstrom; Oral Cancer

References

  1. Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Tobacco Questions for Surveys: A Subset of Key Questions from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), 2nd Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011).
  2. Recommendation on Smokeless Tobacco Products - Scientific Advisory Committee on Tobacco Products Regulation.
  3. Krishna Rao SV., et al. "Epidemiology of oral cancer in Asia in the past decade--an update". Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 10 (2013): 5567–5577.
  4. “Vital signs: current cigarette smoking among adults aged ≥18 years-United States, 2005-2010”. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 60 (2011): 1207.
  5. Chandrupatla Siddardha G., et al. "Tobacco Use and Effects of Professional Advice on Smoking Cessation among Youth in India". Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP7 (2017): 1861-1867.
  6. Dreyer L., et al. "Tobacco Smoking”. APMIS Inc (1997).
  7. Neville BW., et al. Oral and maxillofacial pathology (2nd edition). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders (2002): 337, 345, 349, 353.
  8. Reddy S., et al. "Tobacco usage and attitude towards tobacco cessation among prisoners of central prison in Bangalore city, India”. Journal of International Oral Health 5 (2014): 22-26.
  9. Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence.

Citation

Citation: Upasana Kotoki and Mohonish N Chettri. “Tobacco Usage and Assessment of Oral Health and Knowledge of Oral Cancer Amongst OPD Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Sikkim".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 3.6 (2020): 44-49.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2020 Upasana Kotoki and Mohonish N Chettri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate34%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.871

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