Rinze A Tange*
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, the Netherlands
*Corresponding Author: Rinze A Tange, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, the Netherlands.
Received: September 23, 2020; Published: January 30, 2021
A recessive trait of a congenital disease can spread in an isolated population. In this article we focus on the history of the spread of recessive deafness. A large deaf population existed in an area in Kent in the 16th century. The high number of deaf people was caused by a genetic mutation at the time, which resulted in a recessive gene for deafness, which was passed on for generations. Because of religious disagreements, Father John Lothrop had to leave England and moved with his Puritan congregation to the new world with a number of deaf families. They landed in Massachusetts and moved to the island of Martha's Vineyards. For nearly two centuries the population on the island was extremely isolated, which led to a sharp increase in congenital deafness. In the 19th century, the deaf population on Martha's Vineyard was very high compared to mainland America. The deaf were well integrated in society due to the use of sign language. The deafness on Martha's Vineyard began to end due to the expansion of the number of gene pools and the increase in the number of immigrants. At the beginning of the 20th century there were few islanders left with congenital deafness.
Keywords: History; Hereditary; Martha's Vineyards
Citation: Rinze A Tange. “The Deafness History of Martha's Vineyard".Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 3.2 (2020): 78-82.
Copyright: © 2020 Rinze A Tange. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.