Acta Scientific Otolaryngology (ASOL)

Case Study Volume 2 Issue 3

A Case Study of Tracheal Diverticulum with Persistent Dysphagia and Hoarseness

Diaa Eldin Salah Mahmoud*

Fellowship of European Board of Otorhinolaryngology, Member of Royal College of Surgeon, Edinburgh, Scotland

*Corresponding Author: Diaa Eldin Salah Mahmoud, Fellowship of European Board of Otorhinolaryngology, Member of Royal College of Surgeon, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Received: February 05, 2020; Published: February 18, 2020



Tracheal diverticulum (DV)

  is a type of paratracheal air cyst (PTAC) that is often asymptomatic and usually detected incidentally by imaging methods. Tracheal DV are divided into two subgroups: congenital and acquired. Dysphagia, odynophagia, neck pain, hoarseness, hemoptysis, choking, and recurrent episodes of hiccups and burping can also be seen in symptomatic patients. Thin-section multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is useful for diagnosis of tracheal diverticulum. The relationship between DV and tracheal lumen can be demonstrated by axial, coronal, and sagittal reformat multiplanar images. Bronchoscopy can also be used in diagnosis for tracheal DV. However, the connection between DV and tracheal lumen cannot be shown easily with bronchoscopy. Conservative treatment is the preferred treatment in asymptomatic patients. Surgical or conservative treatment can be performed for symptomatic patients, depending on patient age and physical condition.

Keywords: Tracheal Diverticulum; Dysphagia; Odynophagia; PTAC



  1. Goo JM., et al. “Right paratracheal air cysts in the thoracic inlet: clinical and radiologic significance”. American Journal of Roentgenology 173 (1999): 65-70.
  2. Buterbaugh JE and Erly WK. “Paratracheal air cysts: a common finding on routine CT examinations of the cervical spine and neck that may mimic pneumomediastinum in patients with traumatic injuries”. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 29 (2008): 1218-1221.
  3. Bae HJ., et al. “Paratracheal air cysts on thoracic multidetector CT: incidence, morphological characteristics and relevance to pulmonary emphysema”. British Journal of Radiology 86 (2013).
  4. Kurt A., et al. “A multi detector computed tomography survey of tracheal diverticulum”. Eurasian Journal of Medicine 45 (2013): 145-148.
  5. Soto-Hurtado EJ., et al. “Tracheal diverticulum: a review of the literature”. Lung 184 (2006): 303-307.
  6. Srivastava A., et al. “Tracheal diverticulum: an atypical presentation”. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 148 (2014): 3244-3245.
  7. Lin H., et al. “Tracheal diverticulum: a case report and literature review”. American Journal of Otolaryngology 35 (2014): 542-545. 
  8. Polat AV., et al. “Paratracheal air cysts: prevalence and correlation with lung diseases using multi-detector CT”. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 58 (2014): 144-148.
  9. Cheng HM., et al. “Prevalence and characteristics of paratracheal air cysts and their association with emphysema in a general population”. European Journal of Radiology 81 (2012): 2673-2677.
  10. Tanaka H., et al. “Paratracheal air cysts communicating with the trachea: CT findings”. Journal of Thoracic Imaging 12 (1997): 38-40.


Citation: Diaa Eldin Salah Mahmoud. “A Case Study of Tracheal Diverticulum with Persistent Dysphagia and Hoarseness". Acta Scientific Otolaryngology 2.3 (2020): 31-33.


Acceptance rate34%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.871

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US