Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 3

Quality of Life of Patients with Undiagnosed Anxiety Disorder in PSMMC Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh

Raghad Alomaim1*, Nouf Almansour1, Ghazlan Alhenaki2 and Mostafa Kofi3

1Family Medicine Resident, FCM Department, PSMMC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Medical Intern, FCM Department, PSMMC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Professor, Consultant , FCM Department, PSMMC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Raghad Alomaim, Family Medicine Resident, FCM Department, PSMMC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received: February 06, 2024; Published: February 19, 2024

Abstract

Background: The impact of undiagnosed anxiety and depression on health-related quality of life has been well-documented in the literature. However, the health-related quality of life of individuals with undiagnosed anxiety disorder remains underexplored. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the health-related quality of life of individuals with undiagnosed anxiety disorder and its association with socio-demographic factors.

Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional survey-based study. Participants were recruited through an online survey, targeting male and female participants in various age groups, we required a sample size of 300 subjects to fulfill the objectives of our study. This sample size was calculated assuming a 30% prevalence of anxiety disorder.

Result: The results revealed a significant association between anxiety levels and socio-demographic factors, specifically gender, age group, and job status. Females, younger individuals (18-24 years), and students were found to have higher anxiety levels compared to their counterparts.

In terms of HRQoL, both anxiety and depression levels showed a statistically significant impact on various HRQoL parameters, with the effect size varying depending on the constant term (β_0) and the coefficient of anxiety or depression (β_1).

Conclusion: The results showed a significant relationship between anxiety, depression, and HRQoL, with gender, age group, and job status being the significant socio-demographic factors. The findings highlight the need for early detection and intervention to improve the HRQoL of individuals with undiagnosed HAD.

 Keywords: Undiagnosed Anxiety; Health; Quality of Life; Primary Health Care

References

  1. David J Katzelnick and John H Greist. “Social Anxiety Disorder: An Unrecognized Problem in Primary Care”. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (2001).
  2. Murray B Stein, M.D., F.R.C.P.C. “Attending to Anxiety Disorders in Primary Care”. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (2003).
  3. Afework Edmealem and Caridad Sanchez Olis. “Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression among Diabetes, Hypertension, and Heart Failure Patients at Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia”. Hindawi, (2020).
  4. Hideki Kajiwara., et al. “Utilizing a medical questionnaire to predict anxiety and depression in outpatients”. International Journal of General Medicine (2016).
  5. Abdulaziz Mohammed., et al. “Unrecognized psychiatric disorders among adult patients admitted into a general hospital in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria”. Pan African Medical Journal (2014).
  6. Warren H Schonfeld., et al. “The functioning and well-being of patients with unrecognized anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder”. Elsevier (1998).
  7. Sheila K Fifer., et al. “Untreated Anxiety Among Adult Primary Care Patients in a Health Maintenance Organization”. Archives of Genetic Psychiatry (1994).
  8. Bruce L Rollman., et al. “Symptomatic Severity of Prime-MD Diagnosed Episodes of Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Primary Care”. JGIM (2005).
  9. Alvah R Cass., et al. “Health- Related Quality of Life in Primary Care Patients with Recognized and Unrecognized Mood and Anxiety Disorders”. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine (1999).
  10. Siegfried Kasper. “Anxiety disorders: under-diagnosed and insufficiently treated”. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice (2009).
  11. Kylee Lewis., et al. “The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Undiagnosed Depression and Anxiety Disorders Among Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease”. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2019).
  12. Ivan Koychev and Klaus P Ebmeier. “Anxiety in older adults often goes undiagnosed”. Practitioner (2016).
  13. Murray B Stein. “Attending to anxiety disorders in primary care”. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (2003).
  14. M Préville., et al. “Detection of depression and anxiety disorders by home care nurses”. Aging Mental Health (2010).
  15. Souheil Hallit., et al. “An Arabic Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (30 Items): Psychometric Properties and Some Findings in a Lebanese Elderly Sample”. Psychopathology (2018).
  16. Patricia G Oʼbrien and Loraine Fleming. “Recognizing anxiety disorders”. The Nurse Practitioner (2012).
  17. Mauro V Mendlowicz., et al. “Quality of Life in Individuals with Anxiety Disorders”. American Journal of Psychiatry (2000).
  18. Emily K Porensky MA., et al. “The Burden of Late-Life Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Effects on Disability, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Healthcare Utilization”. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (2013).
  19. Terri L Barrera and Peter J Norton. “Quality of life impairment in generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder”. Journal of Anxiety Disorders (2009).
  20. Mark Hyman Rapaport MD., et al. “Quality-of-Life Impairment in Depressive and Anxiety Disorders”. The American Journal of Psychiatry (2005).
  21. Spitzer RL., et al. “Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care. The PRIME-MD 1000 study”. JAMA 22 (1994): 1749-1756.
  22. Coyne JC., et al. “Nondetection of depression by primary care physicians reconsidered”. General Hospital Psychiatry1 (1995): 3-12.
  23. Mohammed A., et al. “Unrecognized psychiatric disorders among adult patients admitted into a general hospital in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria”. The Pan African Medical Journal197 (2014).
  24. General Authority for Statistics, SA. General Authority for Statistics. Population in Riyadh region by gender, age group, and nationality (Saudi/Non-Saudi) (2018).
  25. Cass AR., et al. “Health-Related Quality of Life in Primary Care Patients with Recognized and Unrecognized Mood and Anxiety Disorders”. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine3 (1999): 293-309.
  26. Kavelaars R., et al. “The burden of anxiety among a nationally representative US adult population”. Journal of Affective Disorders 336 (2023): 81-91.

Citation

Citation: Raghad Alomaim., et al. “Quality of Life of Patients with Undiagnosed Anxiety Disorder in PSMMC Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 8.3 (2024): 97-111.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Raghad Alomaim., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US