Wendyam Nadège Yameogo 1, Ismael Ayouba Tinni1*, Wendlassida Stéphanie Joelle Zabsonre/Tiendrebeogo1,2, Fulgence Kabore1,2, Marcellin Bonkoungou1 and Dieu-Donné Ouedraogo1,2
1Rheumatology Department, CHU Bogodogo, Burkina Faso
2Joseph KI-ZERBO University, Burkina Faso
*Corresponding Author: Ismael Ayouba Tinni, Rheumatology Department, CHU Bogodogo, Burkina Faso.
Received: June 29, 2023; Published: July 06, 2023
Introduction: The coexistence of congenital acquired immunodeficiency syndrome with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is rare, especially in the pediatric population. We report a pediatric case, the first case reported in Burkina Faso.
Observation: This was an 11-year-old female patient, seropositive to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1, followed since the age of 18 months with an undetectable viral load, on Abacavir-Dolegravir-Ritonavir/day and cotrimoxazole. She was admitted for chronic inflammatory polyarthralgia associated with exertional dyspnea, of chronic evolution in a context of altered general condition. The immunological work-up noted: positive antinuclear = 1280 IU/ml. Anti DNA antibody = 380 IU/ml, anti Sm antibody = 33U/ml, anti-histone antibody negative. The diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus in HIV was retained.
Conclusion: SLE and HIV are two pathologies with some clinical similarities, but the therapeutic objectives and the medication are divergent to the point where the association of the two in the same patient complicates the management.
Keywords : SLE; Child; HIV; Burkina Faso
Citation: Ismael Ayouba Tinni., et al. “Pediatric Lupus and Congenital HIV, A Rare Association with Difficult Therapeutic Management: A Case Report from Burkina Faso”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.8 (2023): 49-51.
Copyright: © 2023 Ismael Ayouba Tinni., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.