Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 7

Hematological Changes in Dogs Infected with Ehrlichia canis as a Diagnostic Contribution in the Clinical Routine

Alexandra Cristina Silva1, Renata Vieira Chaves Gabriel1, Daniela Ribeiro Roldão1, Isabela Gonçalves da Silva1, Ana Flávia Ribeiro da Silva2 and Sérgio Eustáquio Lemos da Silva1*

1Triângulo University Center, UNITRI, Brazil
2President Antônio Carlos University, UNIPAC, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Sérgio Eustáquio Lemos da Silva, Triângulo University Center, UNITRI, Brazil.

Received: May 25, 2023; Published: June 12, 2023

Abstract

Canine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (CME) is an infectious disease of dogs, responsible for hematological disorders, whose clinical picture is characterized by hemorrhages, immunosuppression and pancytopenia. Knowledge of the hematological profile of dogs infected with Ehrlichia canis is an essential tool for conducting diagnosis, prognosis and health monitoring, as well as the adoption of therapeutic practices. This article sought to analyze, based on a bibliographical research, the main hematological alterations observed in dogs infected by Ehrlichia canis, with the aim of indicating the contribution of these findings of clinical pathology to the direction of the prognosis, diagnosis and treatment of the animal. The results showed that anemia and thrombocytopenia are among the most prevalent and specific hematological changes in CME, being constantly observed in the acute and chronic phases of the disease. The high prevalence of anemic, thrombocytopenic and pancytopenic dogs contributes as an indicator of infection by Ehrlichia canis, however, it does not exclude the need to research the microorganism in the occurrence of these hematological alterations. Hematological parameters are pertinent to analyze, especially the clinical profile and general condition of the animal, also contributing to a reliable clinical diagnosis, prediction of prognosis and the adoption of appropriate clinical therapeutic approaches in sick animals. Thrombocytopenic and pancytopenic factors contribute as an indicator of infection by Ehrlichia canis, however, it does not exclude the need to research the microorganism in the occurrence of these hematological alterations. Hematological parameters are pertinent to analyze, especially the clinical profile and general condition of the animal, also contributing to a reliable clinical diagnosis, prediction of prognosis and the adoption of appropriate clinical therapeutic approaches in sick animals. Thrombocytopenic and pancytopenic factors contribute as an indicator of infection by Ehrlichia canis, however, it does not exclude the need to research the microorganism in the occurrence of these hematological alterations. Hematological parameters are pertinent to analyze, especially the clinical profile and general condition of the animal, also contributing to a reliable clinical diagnosis, prediction of prognosis and the adoption of appropriate clinical therapeutic approaches in sick animals.

 Keywords: Ehrlichiosis; Anemia; Thrombocytopenia; Hematology

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Citation

Citation: Sérgio Eustáquio Lemos da Silva., et al. “Hematological Changes in Dogs Infected with Ehrlichia canis as a Diagnostic Contribution in the Clinical Routine”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.7 (2023): 40-44.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Sérgio Eustáquio Lemos da Silva., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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