Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 6

Correlation of Anxiety Levels in Pandemic Due to Compliance in Hypertension Treatment

Haidar Yusuf, Ari Budi Himawan*, Natalia Dewi and Aras Utami

Program Magister Epidemiologi Undip, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Ari Budi Himawan, Program Magister Epidemiologi Undip, Indonesia.

Received: June 06, 2022; Published: May 18, 2023


Background: Hypertension in Indonesia increases with age. People with hypertension need continuous treatments according to doctor’s recommendation, if not it will cause serious complications. Medication non-adherence of hypertensive elderly caused by many factor, one of them is psychological factor. Health care visits decrease during pandemic because of the COVID-19 transmission anxiety.

Aim: To find out the correlation between anxiety level and medical adherence of hypertensive elderly in Kangkung Village, Mranggen during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The design of this study is Cross-sectional with Proportional Random Sampling approach to 96 hypertensive elderly in Kangkung, Mranggen, Demak Regency. The study was conducted by interview using Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale and Morisky Medhical Adherence Questionnaire. Data analysis using Rank Spearman correlation test. This study has got Ethical Clearance from Health Research Ethics Committee of Faculty of Medicine of Diponegoro University.

Results: There is a correlation between anxiety level and medical adherence, p value = 0,005 (p < 0,01) and the higher anxiety level will decrease the medical adherence (r = –0,287).

Conclusions: Anxiety that are experienced by the elderly with hypertension correlate to their non-adherence to get its medication.

 Keywords: Elderly; Hypertension; Anxiety; Adherence; COVID-19


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Citation: Ari Budi Himawan., et al. “Correlation of Anxiety Levels in Pandemic Due to Compliance in Hypertension Treatment”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.6 (2023): 74-79.


Copyright: © 2023 Ari Budi Himawan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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