Cognitive Reserve and Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The Role of Working Activity in Discriminating Patients from Healthy Controls
Maria Devita*, Paola Merlo and Daniela Mapelli
Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Maria Devita, Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Italy.
May 23, 2022; Published: July 22, 2022
Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep breathing disorder associated with cognitive, social and occupational consequences negatively influencing work performance. This study investigates whether Cognitive Reserve (CR) Working activity and cognitive functioning can discriminate between OSA and healthy participants.
Methods: Sixty-three participants were enrolled and evaluated with the MoCA test and the Cognitive Reserve Index questionnaire.
Results: A logistic regression model highlighted that the CR Working activity (p < .05) and the MoCA scores (p < .01) predict participants’ belonging to GROUP. A Mann-Whitney test did not find differences between patients with High and low CR at the cognitive performance.
Conclusions: Results suggest that CR Working activity and cognitive functioning can discriminate OSA from healthy individuals. However, a difference between OSA patients with high CR and low CR was not confirmed, discouraging the hypothesis of its protective effect in OSA.
Keywords: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; Cognitive Reserve; Cognitive Functioning; Working Activity; Occupational Problems
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