Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 8

The Immigration of Albanian Nurses, the Reasons and Importance of Interprofessional Communication

Anila Cake1*, Joana Mihani2, Alketa Hoxha1,2, Ergys Ramosaϛo2, Afrim Avdaj3, Rovena Stroni2, Gentian Stroni1, Agron Bytyqi2 and Artan Simaku4

1Faculty of Technical Medical Sciences, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
3Prizren General Hospital, Kosovo
4Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania

*Corresponding Author: Anila Cake, Faculty of Technical Medical Sciences, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.

Received: June 20, 2022; Published: July 07, 2022


Introduction: Communication between nurses and patient's family members affects the patient's well-being, safety at work and the quality of nursing care. Thus, communication is a linking bridge between the basic elements in practicing the nurse profession. On the other hand, the attraction of nursing immigration, especially from low-income countries to higher-income countries, has become a matter of global interest. This phenomenon has spread to Albania in recent years. Then there is the need to identify what the reasons are for these Albanian nurses to leave their home country and exercise their profession while on immigration.

Purpose: To ascertain that communication in the workplace and support from relevant administrative structures are factors that have hampered working conditions and affected their decision to emigrate?

Material and Method: This study included a group of 117 nurses who have begun their licensing procedures in Germany. The selection was random. The study was conducted through a standard 20-question questionnaire, adapted from a combination of studies, communication, and factors affecting nurse immigration. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21. Statistically significant differences were obtained for p < 0.05.

Results: 117 nursing staff participated in the study, 87 (74.4%) were females, 30 (25.6%) males, with significant difference between them (p < 0.01). The mean age of participants was 27.3 (SD ± 5.6) years ranging from 21 years to 50 years. Nurses of 21-30 years age group predominate with 90 (76.9%) of total respondents (p < 0.01) and 72 (61.5%), with <1 year of work experience (p < 0.01). Nurses who worked or practiced in the department of internal diseases and department of different pathologies were 76 (65%), (p < 0.01). 70 (59.8%) of the respondents think that the working environment affects their relationship with the patient's family (p = 0.04). Half of employees 57 (50%) report that managers and coordinators are rarely supportive and responsive to their requests, (p < 0.01). 85 (73.9%) report that often responsibilities and disadvantages at work influence their decision to emigrate (p < 0.01). More than half of the employees, 62 (53%) cited “Better Working Conditions” as the reason for practicing a nurse's job in immigration, with significant change (p < 0.01). Also, almost all 97 nurses (85.8%) think that training of family members and defining their specific contribution to patient pathology is effective (p < 0.01).

Discussions: This study reflects the urgent need to improve working conditions, increase pay, improve relationships between executives and healthcare professionals in Albania.

Conclusions: The Albanian health system needs a qualitative change in the creation of a cooperative and motivational professional environment, as an essential point in motivating nurses to practice their profession in our country.

Keywords: Immigration; Albanian Nurses; Reasons; Interprofessional Communication


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Citation: Anila Cake., et al. “The Neonates' Body Length and Body Weight in Two Different Periods of Time”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.8 (2022): 24-29.


Copyright: © 2022 Anila Cake., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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