Shamim Akhtar1*, Zill E Huma2, Naila Nasr Malik3, Humaira Bibi1, Asma Amin Baig4 and Shazia Zulfiqar5
1Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Ripha International University, Pakistan
2Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amna Inayt Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
3Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Ripha International University, Pakistan
4Assistant Professor, Arif Memorial Hosp, Lahore, Pakistan
5Senior Registrar, Gynaecology Department, Shalamar Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Shamim Akhtar, Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Ripha International University, Pakistan.
Received: April 26, 2022; Published: May 12, 2022
The morphometric measurements (Birth Body Length, Birth Body Weight, Head Circumference, and Abdominal Circumference) are irreplaceable in general health assessments and the nutritional condition of newborn babies. Many defined and undefined internal and external factors significantly affect the neonates' bodyweight and birth length. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the impact of the time span of 17 years on the body length and weight of newborns, the average age of the mother and the number of births.
Birth Body Length and Birth Body Weight were measured in 214 neonates from Kosovo in two different timelines: 105 neonates born in 2001 and 109 neonates born in 2018. The obtained data were analyzed through descriptive parameters, T-test, and Canonical Discriminant Analysis.
According to the canonical discriminative analysis data, it can be concluded that in 2018 women older gave birth to children with greater body length and weight, compared to 2001 when younger women gave birth to children with smaller body length and body weight.
Among many defined and undefined factors, the difficult socio-economic situation in afterwar Kosovo (2001) has been the main factor for the smaller morphometric dimensions of the children born this period than the children born in 2018.>
Keywords: Neonates; Birth Body Length; Birth Body Weight
Place and Duration: This is a retrospective cross sectional study of 70 patients with secondary infertility. Diagnostic laparoscopies were performed at Health care center (pvt) Ltd, Peshawar from July 2020 to September 2021.
Background: Infertility is very painful condition. It causes psychological stress, social disgrace and affects quality of life of a couple. In Pakistan prevalence of infertility is 22%. Secondary infertility contributes its major proportion. There are different causes of it. In majority of cases it is because of some pelvic pathology. Diagnostic Laparoscopy is a good tool for diagnosing and treating the pelvic pathologies.
Material and Methods: Laparoscopy was performed after taking informed consent of all patients who had at least previous one confirmed pregnancy irrespective of outcome and had normal semen analysis. Females with midline abdominal scar were excluded. Pelvic findings were noted. Percentages, frequencies of findings and mean for age were calculated. Data Analysis was done on SPSS.
Results: In this study laparoscopy was done in 70 patients with secondary infertility. Mean age of presentation was 29.1 yrs and mean duration of infertility 6.34 yrs. 16 patients had tubal factor and 10 had PCO. Fibroid uterus, pelvic adhesions, endometriosis and PID were seen in 6,5,4 and 3 patients respectively. 26 patients had normal pelvic findings.
Keywords: Secondary Infertility; Tubal Disease; Laparoscopy
Citation: Shamim Akhtar., et al. “Laparoscopic Findings in Patients with Secondary Infertility”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.6 (2022): 183-186.
Copyright: © 2022 Shamim Akhtar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.