F Zerdoumi1*, M Medjamia1, S Boudani1 and K Djoudad1
1Department of Nephrology Hemodialysis Renal Transplantation, Faculty of Medicine Oran, University I. Research Project N ° D00L04UN31012019002, Algeria
2Anatomical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine Oran, University I. Research Project N ° D00L04UN31012019002, Algeria
*Corresponding Author: F Zerdoumi, Department of Nephrology Hemodialysis Renal Transplantation, Faculty of Medicine Oran, University I. Research Project N ° D00L04UN31012019002, Algeria.
Received: December 29, 2021; Published: March 16, 2022
Introduction: Early identification of kidney disease is an essential step in optimizing management. To this end, we present to you the anatomo-clinical description of the main nephropathies of our department during the interval from 01.09.2017 to 28.02.2021.
Material and Methods: 180 renal biopsies were performed during this interval. Our study is prospective and descriptive. It relates to the study of the frequency, and the anatomo-clinical specificity of nephropathies. Any adult patient over 16 years old with kidney disease was included in the study; descriptive analysis was done by Microsoft Excel2010.
Results: Average age 33.94 ± 15.06 years with overall male to female ratio 1.12. Among primary nephropathies, lipoid nephrosis dominates (33.33% including 25% MCD and 8.33% FSGS) followed by MGN (10%), IgA nephropathy (5.55%), DPGN (2.77%), Crescentic GN (2.21%), CIN (2.22%) and AIN (1.6%). For secondary nephropathies, lupus nephropathy dominates (20%) followed by AA amyloidosis (3.33%). Nephrotic syndrome (74%) represents the most frequent reason for renal biopsy. Histologically, with regard to the low chronicity index compared to 00 globally sclerotic glomeruli (75%) and absence of interstitial fibrosis (77%).
Discussion and Conclusion: In comparison with the data from the African Registry of the main glomerular nephropathies (Plos one 2016; 11 (5); e0152203), the Nephrotic syndrome remains the main reason for renal biopsy and the transition observed in Tunisia  (little amyloidosis and DPGN) matches our results with however a predominance of lipoid nephrosis.
Keywords: Crescentic; Glomerular Nephropathies; Algeria
Citation: F Zerdoumi., et al. “Epidemiological Profile of Glomerular Nephropathies in the Oran Region West Algeria”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.4 (2022): 115-118.
Copyright: © 2022 F Zerdoumi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.