Federica Buzzi1, Nizar Bakir Yahya2, Khalaf Hussein Gargary3*, Adel Hevan Al-Atroushy4 and Maiandi Stefano5
11RN, Head of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Clinical Training, E.U. Project MADAD, Italian Association for Solidarity among Peoples, Duhok, KR, Iraq and Nurse, Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit and Pediatric Immunohematology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy
2Assisntant Professor, Hevi Paediatric Teaching Hospital Duhok, KR, Iraq
3Professor, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, KR, Iraq
4Pediatrician FIBMS, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hevi Pediatric Teaching Hospital Duhok, KR, Iraq
5MsN, Professional Development and Research, Directorate of Health Professions, ASST of Lodi, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Khalaf Hussein Gargary, Professor, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, KR, Iraq.
Received: October 08, 2021; Published: December 13, 2021
Background: Tetanus is a vaccine-preventable disease caused by a robust neurotoxin produced by the spore-forming bacterium Clostridium tetani. However, numerous cases continue to be reported in internationally published literature indicating that tetanus continues to be a substantial problem despite the existence of vaccines.
In this case report, we describe the first case of tetanus at the Hevi Paediatric Teaching Hospital in Duhok, Iraq.
Case Presentation: Our patient was a 13-year-old boy admitted to the emergency room for widespread spasms and difficulty swallowing and urinating. The patient was admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit for suspicion of tetanus. The WHO international guidelines for the treatment and care of tetanus were adopted. After 17 days of hospitalization, the patient was discharged without neurological sequelae. Treatment for tetanus patients is long, complex, and multidisciplinary.
Conclusions: It is crucial to raise the awareness of tetanus and to vaccinate even the most vulnerable populations owing to the high costs of care and poor prognosis of patients with tetanus. In low- to middle-income countries such as Iraq, tetanus can impact overall healthcare management due to the complexity of patient care and high healthcare costs.
Keywords: Tetanus; WHO Guideline; Vaccine; Iraq; Kurdistan
Citation: Federica Buzzi., et al. “Tetanus: The First Child Case Report from Hevi Pediatric Teaching Hospital at Kurdistan Region - Iraq”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.1 (2022): 122-125.
Copyright: © 2022 Federica Buzzi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.