RA Bodrova1,2*, AD Zakamyrdina2, IA Fakhrutdinov2, AM Delyan3, RR Mavzyutova2 and ER Yunusova1,3
1Kazan State Medical Academy - A Branch of the Federal State, Budgetary Education Institution of Higher Professional Education, Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Vocational Education of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Russia
2State Autonomous Healthcare Institution Hospital for War Veterans of Kazan, Russia
3State Autonomous Healthcare Institution City Clinical Hospital No. 7 of Kazan, Russia
*Corresponding Author: RA Bodrova, Kazan State Medical Academy - A Branch of the Federal State, Budgetary Education Institution of Higher Professional Education, Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Vocational Education of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Russia.
Received: August 12, 2021; Published: September 06, 2021
Citation: RA Bodrova., et al. “Effect of Magnetic Therapy on Clinical and Laboratory Parameters for the Patients Who have Undergone Pneumonia Caused by the New Coronavirus Infection". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.10 (2021): 03-10.
The article is devoted to a comprehensive prospective clinical study of effectiveness of use of low-frequency magnetic therapy in medical rehabilitation of the patients with viral pneumonia in the convalescence phase by comparing it with a group of patients not receiving magnetic therapy in the rehabilitation program. The aim of this work is to study the effect of low-frequency magnetic therapy on improving the function of external respiration, on increasing the efficiency and shortening the rehabilitation period for patients with viral pneumonia in the phase of convalescence. The study included 200 patients (mean age 54.5 ± 5.2 years) who had experienced pneumonia caused by COVID-19. Group I (Main Group) consisted of 100 patients who received low-frequency magnetic therapy daily for 20 minutes on the background of a standard therapy beginning from 16-21 days after discharge from the hospital, a course of 15 procedures. Group II (Control Group) consisted of 100 patients who received low-frequency placebo magnetic therapy daily for 20 minutes beginning from the 16th to 21st days after discharge from the hospital, a course of 15 procedures.
To determine the dynamic clinical and laboratory parameters and effectiveness of therapy in this study in accordance with the Temporary Clinical Recommendations of the Ministry of Health of Russia, the following were used: physical examination, pulse oximetry, rating scales: dyspnea scale mMRC (Modified Medical Research Council); Borg dyspnea scale, quality of life questionnaire (EQ-5D), and CBC .
Results and Discussion: Patients of Group I (Main Group) had a decrease in leukocytosis by 30.3% in the general blood analysis. 43% (43 people) of the patients of Group I (Main Group) demonstrated an improvement in the parameters with auscultation of the lungs, with spirometry, an increase in the vital capacity of the lungs by 28.2% (p = 0.0021). When assessing the function of the respiratory muscles, there was an increase in chest excursion in Group I (Main Group) by 53.1% (p = 0.0019). Also, patients of Group I (Main Group), demonstrated a decrease in the degree of dyspnea according to the mMRC scales by 50% and Borg by 33.3% (p = 0.0016), there was a significant increase in the quality of life according to the EQ-5D questionnaire by 23% (p = 0.0019). Also, a decrease in duration of staying on sick leave by 3.4 ± 0.2 days was observed in Group I (Main Group).
Conclusion: Application of low-frequency magnetic therapy in the complex rehabilitation of patients, who have had pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus infection, improves the function of external respiration of the patients, which is confirmed by a subjective assessment of the patients, physical examination, spirometry data, and a decrease in shortness of breath on the Borg scale and mMRC. A decrease in duration of the rehabilitation period and terms of incapacity for work has been revealed; improvement of the general well-being of patients, their emotional state, which contributed to restoration of in everyday activity and an increase in the quality of life of the patients.
Keywords: Low-frequency Magnetic Therapy; Medical Rehabilitation; Pneumonia; New Coronavirus Infection; COVID-19
Copyright: © 2021 RA Bodrova., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.