Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 8

Correlation of Length of Index Finger (2D) to Ring Finger (4D) Ratio (2D:4D) and Coronary Artery Disease - A Study in Male Population of South Rajasthan

Nehal Kukda* and SK Verma

Department of Medicine, Pacific Medical Collage and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author: Nehal Kukda, Department of Medicine, Pacific Medical Collage and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Received: June 25, 2021; Published: July 19, 2021

Citation: Kukda N and Verma SK. “Correlation of Length of Index Finger (2D) to Ring Finger (4D) Ratio (2D:4D) and Coronary Artery Disease - A Study in Male Population of South Rajasthan". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.8 (2021): 65-68.

Abstract

Human index finger (2D), to ring finger(4D), 2D:4D ratio attract considerable research interest because they exhibit sexual dimorphism and are linked to several traits. The objective of the present study was to find 2D:4D, which could be used as a marker for predisposition to CAD as assessed by ECG, 2D-ECHO and coronary angiography. This study includes 100 male subjects; 50 subjects with CAD and 50 subjects without CAD of age between 30-80 years. Finger lengths were measured twice for both hands using digital calliper. The results were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis. 2D and 4D ratio was found more in men with CAD which was statistically significant (P < 0.01), supporting a positive correlation between high 2D:4D and CAD in males.

Keywords: Finger Length Ratio; 2D:4D; CAD

Bibliography

  1. WHO Technical Report Series, No. 1990 (prevention in childhood and youth of adult cardiovascular diseases: time for action: report of a WHO Expert Committee), p. 8.
  2. Manning JT and Bundred PE. “The ratio of 2nd and 4th digit length: a predictor of disease predisposition?” Medical Hypothesis 54 (2000): 855.
  3. Glueck CJ., et al. “Endogenous testosterone, fibrinolysis and coronary heart disease risk in hyperlipidemic”. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 122 (1993): 412-420.
  4. Lerner DJ and Kannel WB. “Patterns of coronary artery disease morbidity and mortality in the sexes: 26 year follow up of the Framingham Population”. AMJ Cardiology 111 (1986): 383-390.
  5. Manning JT and Bundred PE. “The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length and age at first myocardial infarction in men: a link with testosterone?” British Journal of Cardiology 8 (2001): 720-723.
  6. Manning JT., et al. “The ratio of 2nd -4th digit length: a predictor of sperm numbers and levels of testosterone, LH and oestrogen”. Human Reproduction 13 (1998): 3000-3004.
  7. Wu XL., et al. “The ratio of second to fourth digit length (2D:4D) and CAD in a Han Chinese population”. International Journal of Medical Sciences 10 (2013): 1584-1588.
  8. Fink B., et al. “The 2nd-4th digit ratio (2D:4D) and neck circumference: implications for risk factors in coronary artery disease”. International Journal of Obesity 30 (2006): 711-4.
  9. Kyriakidis I., et al. “Digit ratios and relation to myocardial infarction in Greece men and women”. General Medicine 7 (2010): 628-636.
  10. Ozdogmus O., et al. “The high 2D:4D length ratio effects on atherosclerotic plaque development”. Atherosclerosis 209 (2010): 0195-0196.
  11. Zheng Z and Cohn MJ. “Developmental basis of sexually dimorphic digit ratios”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108 (2001): 16289-16294.
  12. Putz DA., et al. “Sex hormones and finger length. What does 2D:4D indicate?” Evolution and Human Behavior 25 (2004): 182-199.

Copyright: © 2021 Kukda N and Verma SK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 20, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US