Sana Monem1 and Chro Najmaddin Fattah2*
1Diploma in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sulaimani Maternity Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2Assistant Professor, Head of Department, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical School, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Chro Najmaddin Fattah, Assistant Professor, Head of Department, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical School, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Received: November 23, 2020; Published: January 28, 2021
Background: Preterm labour is a major health challenge in obstetrics. Many risk factors being identified, the most common one is short cervical length, can be diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound scan after 13 weeks of pregnancy. Vaginal progesterone is the most bioavailable form of progesterone that have effect on uterine and cervix. Progesterone is thought to inhibit the production of proinflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins within the uterus and to inhibit myometrial contractility
Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the usefulness of vaginal progesterone suppositories in reduction of preterm birth in asymptomatic singleton pregnancy women with short cervix.
Patients and Methods: This is a study on the daily use of (100mg or 200mg) of vaginal progesterone by 79 women in a prospective Randomized Controlled study. Between 24-34 weeks of gestation with short cervix of <29mm confirmed by transvaginal ultrasound and followed prospectively.
Result: Preterm labour among vaginal progesterone group were less but statistically nonsignificant. The preterm labour among who received 100 mg was significantly lower than other 200mg.
Conclusion: The study found the advantage of progesterone pessary in a women with short cervical length <25 mm in mid-trimester of pregnancy with no history of preterm labour.
Keywords: Preterm Birth; Progesterone; Short Cervix; Cervical Length (CL)
Citation: Sana Monem and Chro Najmaddin Fattah. “The Use of Vaginal Progesterone in Risk Reduction of Preterm Birth in Pregnant Women with Short Cervix”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.2 (2021): 85-91.
Copyright: © 2021 Sana Monem and Chro Najmaddin Fattah. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.