Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Quality of Life Among the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clients in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Mathar Mohideen1*, Jay Ablao1, Mohammed Alrashidi2 and Ahmed Hakami3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, KSA
2Demonstrator, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, KSA
3Demonstrator, Department of Nursing, Umm Al Qura University, KSA

*Corresponding Author: Mathar Mohideen, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Tabuk, KSA.

Received: December 07, 2020; Published: January 11, 2021



Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the quality of life using the D39 questionnaire in the patients of diabetes Mellitus in Tabuk, KSA.

Background: The emerging rise in number of diabetes and rising complications need special attention by the health care providers. One of the key management of the diabetes is on the self-effort of the patients. Compliance is the best way to control diabetes and to prevent its complications. The behavior of the client on the health advices helps to control diabetes. Enlightening and encouraging patient to manage diabetes can go a long way in lowering the burden of diabetes, on health care services Primarily focuses in enhancing quality of care to those domains that considered to be areas of poor quality of life. Furthermore, the result may give a clear understanding about the factors that affect quality of life that can contribute in disease management, self-care management, effective ways in prolonging quality of life and to lessen the sufferings of the patients with diabetes.

Methods: A Cross sectional study was conducted among the type 2 diabetes mellitus clients from the diabetic clinic in Tabuk city, KSA. Sample size was 75. This study was carried out for the period of 6 months. Convenience sampling method was used to select the participants. The Diabetes 39 (D-39) Instrument Evaluation, containing five dimensions: energy and mobility (15 items), diabetes control (12), anxiety and worry (4) social overload (5) and sexual behaviour (3), was used to collect the data.

Results and Discussion: The results of this study revealed that the nearly half of the clients who participated in this study was hypertensive (48%). Nearly one fourth of the clients were suffering from diabetes more than 10 years. The mean scores on the quality of life questionnaire dimensions include, Energy and mobility: Mean-42.88, SD-17.57, Diabetes Control: Mean-37.65, SD-13.54, Anxiety and worry: Mean-11.01, SD-4.88, Sexual behavior: Mean- 9.07, SD-5.4, Social burden: Mean-13.15, SD-5.43. Overall scores in the QOL shows improvement is needed in all the subsections.

Conclusion: This study identified the impact of clients self-perceived quality of life. Most of the studies have reported the similar findings. These results indicate the necessity of improving the quality of life (Qol) of client with diabetes and strengthening diabetes education program.

Keywords: Quality of Life; Diabetes Mellitus; Saudi Arabia



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Citation: Mathar Mohideen., et al. “Quality of Life Among the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clients in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.2 (2021): 24-31.


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