Karoline de Melo Magalhães*, Bruna Caroline Tomé Barreto, Eduardo Otero Amaral Vargas and Ana Maria Bolognese
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, School of Dentistry, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Karoline de Melo Magalhães, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, School of Dentistry, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Received: October 22, 2020; Published: November 28, 2020
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are dysfunctions that comprehend disorders of masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joints and occlusion. They may be caused by macro or microtrauma, anatomical, genetic, systemic or psychological factors. Studies show that up to 30% of children and adolescents may present some type of TMD. Signs and symptoms of the condition may be diagnosed by questioning its history, palpating the painful areas, observing mouth opening and closing and performing analgesic blocking. Image exams such as panoramic radiograph, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and ultrasound may help this procedure. Possible treatments are patient education, physical therapy, behavioral therapy, medication prescription, occlusal splints, occlusal adjustment, orthodontic treatment, or even surgeries. A gold standard treatment has not been yet assessed, but considering the short age of patients, reversible procedures should be preferred when possible.
Keywords: Temporomandibular Disorders; Temporomandibular Joint Disorders; TMJ Disorders; Child
Citation: Karoline de Melo Magalhães., et al. “Temporomandibular Disorders in Children: A Mini Review". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.12 (2020): 119-123.
Copyright: © 2020 Karoline de Melo Magalhães., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.