Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Reliability and Validity of a Moroccan Arabic Dialect Version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale

Mohammed Elbiaze*

Sleep Medicine University Center, Hassan 2 Universitary Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fes, Morocco>

*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Elbiaze, Professor, Director, Sleep Medicine University Center, Hassan 2 Universitary Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fes, Morocco.

Received: October 09, 2020; Published: October 22, 2020

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Abstract

  The daytime sleepiness problem is a common symptom of many sleep disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaire was developed by Johns In 1991 as a simple, self-administered questionnaire for the assessment of daytime sleepiness. The aim of this work is to translate the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) from English to the Moroccan Arabic dialect and to study its psychometric properties to obtain a validated version according to the rules of transcultural adaptation.

The various stages of translation and cultural adaptation for the ESS were:

  1. Translation of the original version of the source language to the Moroccan Arabic dialect.
  2. Reviewing by a committee of professionals (health professionals, specialists, epidemiologists, sociologists...)
  3. Pilot survey of 10 patients to evaluate the apparent validity.
  4. Back translation of the final translated version ESSm.
  5. Checking the psychometric properties of ESSm in 100 staff working at the Hassan II Hospital in Fez in 3 times (T1, T2, T3).

  For the internal reliability, the ESSm the Cronbach's alpha is significant (more than 0.60) in the 3 passing times (0.645 in T1, 0.720 in T2 and 0.685 in T3). The stability coefficients of correlation are significant. The inter-observer stability (between T1 and T2), is estimated by Pearson's correlation coefficient at 0.923 (p = 0.0001). The temporal stability (test-retest between T1 and T3) of the ESSm is estimated by the same coefficient at 0.825 (p = 0.0001).

  The use of validated transcultural adaptation techniques has enabled us to obtain the first validation in Moroccan Arabic dialect adapted to our Moroccan context and whose are so that it is considered a reliable tool both in consultations at different levels and in hospital.

Keywords: Excessive Daytime Sleepiness; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Moroccan Arabic Dialect

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References

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Citation

Citation: Mohammed Elbiaze. “Reliability and Validity of a Moroccan Arabic Dialect Version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.11 (2020): 55-59.




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Acceptance rate30%
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Impact Factor1.403

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