Komi Dzidzonu Nemi1,4*, Lihanimpo Djalogue2,5, Abou-Bakari Tchala1, Kodjo Agbeko Djagadou1,4, Toyi Tchamdja2,5, Yawovi Mawufemo Tsevi3,4, Komi Edem Mossi1, Abdou Razak Moukaila1, Abago Balaka1,4 and Mohaman Awalou Djibril1,4
1Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Togo
2Department of Internal Medicine, Kara Teaching Hospital, Togo
3Department of Nephrology, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Togo
4University of Lomé, Togo
5University of Kara, Togo
*Corresponding Author: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi, Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé, University of Lomé, Togo.
Received: July 20, 2020; Published: September 25, 2020
The aim of this study was to describe the circumstances in which arterial hypertension was discovered in known non-hypertensive patients admitted to the Internal Medicine department of the Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital of Lomé. It is a retrospective and descriptive study conducted from 1st January 2015 to 31 December 2017 from the files of patients with hypertension in whom the diagnosis of hypertension was made in the Internal Medicine department. During the period of study, 176 patients suffering from arterial hypertension were received in the department. Among them, 105 were not known to have hypertension. The average age was 55, 69 years (extremes of 20 and 89 years) with a sex ratio (M/F) of 0, 90. Hypertension was essential in 97, 14% (N = 102) and secondary in 2.85% of cases (N = 3). It was grade 1 in 28, 57% (N = 30); grade 2 in 44, 76% (N = 47) and grade 3 in 26, 66% of cases (N = 28). Cardiovascular risk factors associated with hypertension were diabetes mellitus (55, 23%), obesity (15, 23%), dyslipidaemia (8, 57%, family history of hypertension (7, 62%) and alcoholism (6, 67%). The discovery of hypertension has been fortuitous in 79, 19% of cases (N = 80). It has been revealed by symptoms in 13, 33% (N = 14) and by complications in 10.47% of cases (N = 11). hypertension unknown is frequent in the Internal Medicine department of the Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital, especially in diabetics. More emphasis must be placed on its prevention in our country by promoting new methods of raising awareness and educating the population.
Keywords: High Blood Pressure; Fortuitous Discovery; Diabetes Mellitus; Lomé (Togo)
Citation: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi., et al. “Circumstances of Discovery of Arterial Hypertension (AHT) in a Department of Internal Medicine in Lomé (Togo)". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.10 (2020): 142-146.
Copyright: © 2020 Komi Dzidzonu Nemi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.