Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Impact of the Use of Safety Engineered Devices on the Rate of Needle Stick Injuries Caused by a Needle on a Disposable Syringe Among Emergency Nurses in Egypt

Ismail G1*, Noureldin A2, Girgis S1, Bassiouni R3, El-Sayed A4, Ahmed A5, Elzamarany E6, El-Sayed M7, Hegazi A8 and Abdelghaffar H9

1Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria Hospital, Egypt
3Professor of Infection Prevention and Control Unit, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Egypt
4Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, General Director of Infection Prevention and Control - Suez Canal University Hospitals, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt
5Associate Professor of Clinical Pathology, Assuit University, Assuit University Hospital, Assuit, Egypt
6Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Al gharbia, Egypt
7Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura Univeristy, Egypt
8Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt
9Professor of ENT, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Elgama St. Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author: Ismail G, Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Received: August 12, 2020; Published: September 11, 2020

Abstract

Background: Due to the recognition of risks associated with NSIs, safety strategies have been adopted to lessen the risk of injury and have shown to be effective in reducing NSIs.

Methods: Eight university hospitals reporting the highest rates of NSIs (Phase 1) were selected for the intervention (Phase 2). Sharp injury protection syringes were supplied, and training on the use of safety devices was conducted. Questionnaires were re-administered post-intervention, focusing on injuries due to needles on disposable syringes.

Results: Injury rates of at least one injury due to needle on disposable syringe in the past three months were significantly reduced from 30.3/100 person in phase 1 to 2.16/100 person in phase 2 (P-value < 0.0001).

Conclusions: Results show that interventions using both educational training on universal precautions and safe work practices as well as the use of sharp injury protection syringes lead to reductions in NSIs among nurses. This is the first study that assessed the risk of needle on a disposable syringe in particular, followed by the implementation of safety engineered devices in attempt to lessen the risk of injury. Evaluations of safety interventions of this sort, across other departments of hospital units and among other personnel are needed.

Keywords: Needlestick Injuries; Needle on Disposable Syringe; Safety Devices; Nurses

References

  1. World Health Organization. “The world health report: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life”. Geneva: World Health Organization (2002).
  2. “Preventing needle stick injuries in health care settings”. Washington DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (1999): 2000-2108.
  3. Memish ZA., et al. “Risk analysis of needle stick and sharp object injuries among health care workers in a tertiary care hospital (Saudi Arabia)”. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 3 (2013): 123-129.
  4. Cooke CE and Stephens JM. “Clinical, economic, and humanistic burden of needlestick injuries in healthcare workers”. Medical Devices: Evidence and Research 10 (2017): 225-235.
  5. Yang L and Mullan B. “Reducing needle stick injuries in healthcare occupations: an integrative review of the literature”. ISRN Nursing (2011): 315432.
  6. Fahim A. “Sharp devices injuries among resident physicians and nurses in Suez Canal University Hospital”. Suez Canal University Medical Journal 1 (2008): 47-52.
  7. Talaat M., et al. “Occupational exposure to needlestick injuries and hepatitis B vaccination coverage among health care workers in Egypt”. AJIC8 (2003).
  8. Trivedi A., et al. “An educational interventional programme for prevention and management of needle stick injuries among nursing students at a tertiary care hospital, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh”. National Journal of Community Medicine 4 (2013): 132-136.
  9. NH Zawilla and D Ahmed. “Sharps injuries among health care workers in Cairo University Hospitals”. International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine 25 (2013): 79-92.

Citation

Citation: Ismail G., et al. “Impact of the Use of Safety Engineered Devices on the Rate of Needle Stick Injuries Caused by a Needle on a Disposable Syringe Among Emergency Nurses in Egypt". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.10 (2020): 03-06.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2020 Ismail G., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.851

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