Cașcaval Virginia*, Fetco-Mereuță Diana, Caproș Natalia, Grib Livi, Matcovschi Sergiu and Dumitraș Tatiana
Department of Internal Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemiţanu”, Republic of Moldova
*Corresponding Author: Cașcaval Virginia, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemiţanu”, Chișinău, Republic of Moldova.
Received: July 13, 2020; Published: July 21, 2020
Background: Community-acquired pneumonia is a common infectious disease, that is being associated with high mortality, especially in patients with comorbidities, such as heart failure. Also, preexisting heart failure increases pneumonia mortality by 30 - 50%, therefore it is important to identify patients who are in the risk group.
Methods: This is a retrospective study, where we examined causes of death in 62 patients with community-acquired pneumonia and heart failure, with emphasis on clinical, laboratory and microbiological characteristics.
Results: Our results show that cardiovascular disease, especially heart failure, represents a heavy load on the outcomes of community-acquired pneumonia patients and that progression of heart failure, it's complications and other co-morbidities increase the risk of death associated with pneumonia.
Conclusion: The obtained data suggests that community-acquired pneumonia is not only affecting the respiratory system, but it is also a systematic inflammation process that affects the cardiovascular system.
Keywords: Community-Acquired Pneumonia; Heart Failure; Outcomes; Risk Factors; Comorbidities
Citation: Cașcaval Virginia., et al. “The Influence of Pre-Existing Heart Failure on Community-Acquired Pneumonia Outcomes".Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.8 (2020): 66-70.
Copyright: © 2020 Cașcaval Virginia., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.