Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

The Influence of Pre-Existing Heart Failure on Community-Acquired Pneumonia Outcomes

Cașcaval Virginia*, Fetco-Mereuță Diana, Caproș Natalia, Grib Livi, Matcovschi Sergiu and Dumitraș Tatiana

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemiţanu”, Republic of Moldova

*Corresponding Author: Cașcaval Virginia, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemiţanu”, Chișinău, Republic of Moldova.

Received: July 13, 2020; Published: July 21, 2020

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Abstract

Background: Community-acquired pneumonia is a common infectious disease, that is being associated with high mortality, especially in patients with comorbidities, such as heart failure. Also, preexisting heart failure increases pneumonia mortality by 30 - 50%, therefore it is important to identify patients who are in the risk group.

Methods: This is a retrospective study, where we examined causes of death in 62 patients with community-acquired pneumonia and heart failure, with emphasis on clinical, laboratory and microbiological characteristics.

Results: Our results show that cardiovascular disease, especially heart failure, represents a heavy load on the outcomes of community-acquired pneumonia patients and that progression of heart failure, it's complications and other co-morbidities increase the risk of death associated with pneumonia.

Conclusion: The obtained data suggests that community-acquired pneumonia is not only affecting the respiratory system, but it is also a systematic inflammation process that affects the cardiovascular system.

Keywords: Community-Acquired Pneumonia; Heart Failure; Outcomes; Risk Factors; Comorbidities

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Citation

Citation: Cașcaval Virginia., et al. “The Influence of Pre-Existing Heart Failure on Community-Acquired Pneumonia Outcomes".Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.8 (2020): 66-70.



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