Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

The Difficulties of Socio-professional Reintegration of Patients Suffering from Chronic Psychiatric Affections in Lomé

Komi Dzidzonu Nemi1*, Kokou Dodzi Mawulolo Dogbe2, Essohanam Tambourou1, Mohaman Awalou Djibril1 and Kolou Simliwa Dassa2

1Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital, University of Lomé, Togo
2University Clinic of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Campus University Hospital, University of Lomé, Togo

*Corresponding Author: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi, Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital, University of Lomé, Togo.

Received: May 21, 2020; Published: July 16, 2020

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Abstract

Aim of the Study: To assess the level of knowledge regarding prevention of varicose vein in traffic police.

The aim of this study was to describe the difficulties of socio-professional reintegration of patients suffering from chronic mental disorders in Lomé. This is a transversal and descriptive study conducted from 1st February to 31st April 2018 concerning patients with chronic mental disorders but stabilized and monitored by the Psychiatry service of the Campus University Hospital of Lomé. Fifty-one (51) stabilized patients were involved. The social and family reintegration was almost total (N = 50). Professional reintegration was not effective in 37 patients (72.5%). The sex ratio (M/F) was 0.94. The mean age was 40.7 +/- 10 years (range 15 and 59 years). The majority (46%) were single. Psychoses represented 62.16% (N = 23) of the diagnoses retained, followed by severe depression (N = 11; 29.72%) and mania (N = 3; 8.10%). Neuroleptics were used in 81% and antidepressants in 46% of cases. Before chronic mental disorders and their management, 64.8% (N = 24) of patients were in the private sector. The reasons for the non-resumption of activity according to the patients were: the side effects of psychotropic drugs (N = 16; 43.2%), the lack of motivation (N = 15; 40.5%), the dismissal (N = 4; 10.8%) and social stigma (N = 2; 5.4%). The obstacles to professional reintegration according to the accompanying persons were: non-compliance with customary laws (N = 11), possession by the spirits (N = 7), the curse (N = 5) and enchantment (N = 5). The difficulties of professional reintegration of patients suffering from chronic psychiatric affections are topical in our country. A refocused study including the community level and supporting the daily experience of these patients would be desirable to complete our work. 

Keywords: Difficulties; Reintegration; Professional; Psychiatric Patients - Lomé (TOGO)

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Citation

Citation: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi., et al. “The Difficulties of Socio-professional Reintegration of Patients Suffering from Chronic Psychiatric Affections in Lomé". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.8 (2020): 26-30.




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