Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 5

Epidemiological Profile and Classification of Autoimmune Diseases in an Internal Medicine Service in Lomé (Togo)

Komi Dzidzonu Nemi1*, Lihanimpo Djalogue2, Abou Bakari Tchala1, Toyi Tchamdja2, Kossi Kodjo1, Abdou Razak Moukaila1, Komi Edem Mossi1, Kodjo Agbéko Djagadou1, Abago Balaka1 and Mohaman Awalou Djibril1

1Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé, University of Lomé, Togo
2Department of Internal Medicine, Kara Teaching Hospital, University of Kara, Togo

*Corresponding Author: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi, Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

Received: April 03, 2020; Published: April 24, 2020

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Abstract

  The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology and classification of autoimmune diseases in the department of Internal Medicine of Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital of Lomé. This is a retrospective study conducted from 1st January 2018 to December 31st 2019 in this department. During the study period, 959 patients were received in the department. Among them, 72 had autoimmune diseases, i.e. a prevalence of 7.5%. The average age of the patients was 31.51 years (range: 17 and 74) and the sex ratio (M/F) was 0.46. The 20 to 39 age group was the most represented (69.44%). Organ-specific autoimmune diseases were type 1 diabetes mellitus (N = 48; 66.7%), Graves' disease (N = 13; 18.05%), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (N = 4; 5.6%) and autoimmune atrophic thyroiditis (N = 2; 2.77%). Graves' disease was associated with type 1 diabetes in one patient. Systemic autoimmune diseases were Rheumatoid arthritis (N = 4; 5.6%), systemic lupus erythematosus (N = 3; 4.2%) and MCTD (N = 1; 1.38%). Rheumatoid arthritis was associated with diabetes in one patient. MCTD was associated with atrophic thyroiditis in also one patient. This study shows that the autoimmune diseases in the Internal Medicine department of Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital of Lomé are dominated by endocrinopathies namely type1 diabetes and Graves' disease.

Keywords:Autoimmune Diseases; Type 1 Diabetes; Grave's Disease; Lomé (Togo)

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Citation

Citation: Komi Dzidzonu Nemi., et al. “Epidemiological Profile and Classification of Autoimmune Diseases in an Internal Medicine Service in Lomé (Togo)". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.5 (2020): 71-74.



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