Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Effect of Intestinal Helminths on the Protein Content of Heavy Metals Polluted Tissues of Lethrinus mahsena Fish

Amaal Hassan1,2*, Salim M El-Hamidy1, Najla Al-Saud1, Sabah M Hassan1,3, Shaikh AM1,4, Khalid Mohammed Algamdi1, Hanan Alhelali1 and Habeeb M Al-Solami1

1Biology Department, Science College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt
3Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
4Princess, Doctor Najla Bint Saud Al-Saud Distinguished Research Centre for Biotechnology, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Amaal Hassan, Associate professor of parasitology, Biology Department, Science College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Received: January 22, 2020; Published: January 31, 2020

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Abstract

  Fish are valued as an ideal source of high-quality proteins, which contain large quantities of essential amino acids. The present investigation is designed to study the effect of intestinal helminths in the fish; Single, double and triple helminths infection on the protein content of fish Lethrinus mahsena in the presence of some heavy metals (HMs). In this study, total of 130 emperor fish were collected between November 2015 and May 2016 from the coast of Jeddah. The concentration of the HMs in the infected and uninfected fish was analyzed using the atomic flame absorption spectrometer. Total proteins were extracted from infected and uninfected fish tissues and separated by 12% of SDS-PAGE. The results revealed that individual cestodes and triple infection caused lower concentrations of As, Cd, Cu and Fe in fish tissues. While double lesions have caused a decrease in the concentration of Cd and Cu. There were no significant differences between the protein contents of infected and uninfected fish. This indicates that the presence of intestinal worms in the fortified intestine can reduce the harmful effect of accumulated HMs on the protein content of fish despite HMs contamination.

Keywords: Helminths; Heavy Metals; Lethrinus mahsena; Protein; Infection; Contamination

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Citation

Citation: Amaal Hassan., et al. “Effect of Intestinal Helminths on the Protein Content of Heavy Metals Polluted Tissues of Lethrinus mahsena Fish". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.2 (2020): 01-07.



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