Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease in A Group of Diabetic Patients with A High Cardiovascular Risk Using the Ankle-Brachial Index at the Bafoussam Regional Hospital

Kenfack Kelly Flora*

Medical Doctor at Colbert Medical Center, Douala, Cameroon

*Corresponding Author: Kenfack Kelly Flora, Medical Doctor at Colbert Medical Center, Douala, Cameroon.

Received: October 29, 2019; Published: December 16, 2019



Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a disease process resulting from obstruction of large peripheral arteries, commonly due to atherosclerosis. It is common among diabetic patients and may lead to amputations if poorly managed.

Objectives: We sought to determine the prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease in a group of diabetic patients with a high cardiovascular risk among Cameroonian subjects.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2017 to May 2017 in Bafoussam. Our sample size was 80 participants. The PD 120 Pocket Doppler was used to measure the Ankle-brachial Index.

Results: Our sample's mean age was 62.8 years years and ranged from 50 to 80 years. Hypertension was the most common risk factor in our population (97.5%). PAD (ABI < 0.90) was found in 37.5% of our subjects. We found out that a history of at least 10 years diabetes since its screening, tobacco smoking and obesity significantly influence the occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions (p = 0.00015, 0.04 and 0.03 respectively ).

Conclusions: This study suggests that a history of at least 10 years of diabetes duration is the main factor influencing the occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Ankle-Brachial Index; Peripheral Artery Disease



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Citation: Kenfack Kelly Flora. "Prevalence of Peripheral Artery Disease in A Group of Diabetic Patients with A High Cardiovascular Risk Using the Ankle-Brachial Index at the Bafoussam Regional Hospital". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 111-113.


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