Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises on Lower Respiratory Tract Infections among School Children at Tertiary Hospitals, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh

D Padmaja1 and S Gomathi2

1NRI College of Nursing, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Associate Professor, NRI College of Nursing, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: S Gomathi, Associate Professor, NRI College of Nursing, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Received: December 06, 2019; Published: December 11, 2019



Background: Infection and inflammation of the lungs is particularly troublesome and is seen in many different forms in children. Several educational programmes have been developed for children with Lower respiratory tract infection, in order to promote changes in behavior and to improve health and quality of life. Alexandra Severovna Sterlinkova developed an exercise has the virtue of helping with a wide spectrum of respiratory illnesses, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises on Respiratory Parameters among Children.

Methods: Non-Equivalent Control Group design was adopted for the study, Children in the age group of 6-12 years with lower respiratory tract infections with a sample size of 60 were selected and divided into two groups by using convenient sampling technique. The setting of the study included NRI General Hospital and Guntur Government General hospital. Data collected using structured questionnaire and checklist on respiratory tract parameters in the pretest and demonstrated to perform sterlinkova Exercises three times every day for 5 days with routine care and conducted posttest on 5th day in the experimental group. In the control group, conducted pretest and no intervention given, only routine care for 5 days and posttest on 5th day.

Results: In the experimental group, pretest Mean, SD scores were 17.33, 1.92 and posttest Mean, SD scores were 14.6, 1.48. The obtained paired “t” value for the experimental group was 5.98. This showed the value higher than the table value at p <0.001. There was statistically significant difference in pretest and post-test scores. This showed that there was an effectiveness of sterlinkova exercises on lower respiratory tract infection. There was no significant association in post-test scores of the experimental group on respiratory parameters among children with lower respiratory tract infection with a selected demographic variable.

Conclusion: The findings revealed that sterlinkova exercises improved the respiratory parameters among children (6-12 years) with lower respiratory tract infection.

Keywords: Breathing Exercises; Respiratory Parameters; Lower Respiratory Tract Infections; Children; Respiratory Tract Infections; Sterlinkova Exercises; Respiratory Disorders



  1. Sheffield ERS. “Forum of International Respiratory Societies. The Global Impact of Respiratory Disease- Second Edition”. Forum of International Respiratory Societies (2017).
  2. Simoes EAF., et al. “Acute Respiratory Infections in Children”. In: Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank (2006). 
  3. Mulholland EK., et al. “Standardized diagnosis of pneumonia in developing countries”. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 11.2 (1992): 77-81.
  4. Shann F., et al. “Aetiology of Pneumonia in Children in Goroka Hospital, Papua New Guinea”. Lancet 2.8402 (1984): 537-541. 
  5. Pneumonia. The forgotten killer of children. Geneva, The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)/ World Health Organization (WHO) (2006). 
  6. Schaad UB. “Prevention of paediatric respiratory tract infections: emphasis on the role of OM-85”. European Respiratory Review 14 (2005): 74-77.
  7. Paul S., et al. “Effective management of lower respiratory tract infections in childhood”. Nurs Child Young People 23 (2011): 27-34.
  8. Influenza (seasonal) Factsheet. Geneva, World Health Organization (2016). 
  9. Schetinin MN. Breathing exercises of A. N. Strelnikova. Book ticket, (2007): 240.
  10. Artour Rakhimov and Alexandra N. Strelnikova Breathing Exercises for Singing (Review) (1950). 
  11. Paradoxical breathing exercises Strelnikova. “Course of lectures on Valeology”. Health and traditional Medicine (2010). 
  12. Pundir N., et al. “Effectiveness of breathing exercises as play method on cardiopulmonary parameters among children with acute respiratory tract infections in a selected area of Dehradun, Uttarakhand”. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.4 (2018): 269-276.
  13. Vimala Arul. Effectiveness of strelnikova breathing exercises on respiratory signs and parameters among children with LRTI (2012).
  14. Pearlin J and Malchijah FR. “A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Strelinikova Breathing Exercise on Reduction of Respiratory Signs Among Preschoolers with Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Selected Hospital at Kanyakumari District, i-manager's”. Journal on Nursing 8.4 (2019): 33-45. 
  15. Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Practices of Pediatric Nurses Regarding Care of Children on Mechanical Ventilator International Journal of Science and Research 6.12 (2017): 12.


Citation: D Padmaja and S Gomathi. “Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises on Lower Respiratory Tract Infections among School Children at Tertiary Hospitals, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.1 (2020): 90-95.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US