Acta Scientific Medical Sciences

Research ArticleVolume 2 Issue 2

Sex Determination of Nepalese Medical Students of NAIHS-COM by using Foot Index Method

VP Gupta1 and AH Shah2*

1Forensic Medicine Department, Nepalese Army Institute of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
2Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Akamai University, Hilo, Hawaii, USA

*Corresponding Author: AH Shah, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Akamai University, Hilo, Hawaii, USA.

Received: March 16, 2018; Published: April 10, 2018

Citation: VP Gupta and AH Shah. “Sex Determination of Nepalese Medical Students of NAIHS-COM by using Foot Index Method”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.2 (2018).


Introduction: Various biological methods are used to establish, identify and differentiate between male and female bodies in a situation. Besides recent advances, forensic experts still use pelvic bones, skull bones, sternum, and long bones, etc. as their basic tools for identification of bodies on the crime scene or in fossils.

Methods: In general, human population exhibits some degree of sexual dimorphism. Foot indexing procedure was used in the current study to differentiate between male and female humans.

Results: The results on foot length in males, right foot length varied from 27.8 cm to 22.8 cm (mean 25.09 cm and S.D. 1.17). In females, right foot length varied from 24.6 cm and 19.9 cm (Mean 22.60). In males, right foot breadth varied between 12.3cm to 8.3 cm (mean 9.80). Right foot breadth in females varied between 10.3 cm to 7.0 cm (Mean 8.40 cm). In males, foot index varied from 46.24 to 34.58 (mean 39.10 and S.D. 2.06). In females, foot index varied from 44.06 to 31.12 (mean 37.52 and S.D. 2.64).

Conclusions: The present study established that foot studies including foot index and other measurements were interesting to distinguish between male and female subjects with greater accuracy. More work is recommended to be done in Nepal on this issue of great academic and scientific interest.

Keywords: Nepalese Male and Female Students; Sex Determination; Foot Index Method

Copyright: © 2018 VP Gupta and AH Shah. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Member In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 25, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US