Epidemiology of Pasteurellosis in Small Ruminants
Livestock Research Institute for Development, Republic of Chad
*Corresponding Author: Bidjeh Kebkiba, Livestock Research Institute for Development, Republic of Chad.
Received: November 05, 2021 ; Published: November 23, 2021
A purely respiratory disease of sheep and goats, pasteurellosis is a disease caused by the bacteria called Pasteurella haemolytica. In fact, Pasteurella are commensal bacteria found in the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract and digestive tract of mammals and birds. In humans these bacteria are responsible for diseases caused by pathogens associated with animals. The prevalence of pasteurella is high in animals, which remain healthy carriers in many cases; all animals are concerned (domestic livestock, wild and xotic). The usual inhabitant of the oropharyngeal flora microbiota, its local abundance is significant. Indeed, pasteurellosis is an infection of domestic animals caused by various species of pasteurella resulting in hemorrhagic septicemia, which can exceptionally affect humans. The presence of respiratory syndrome, where pasteurella is strongly involved, is reported all over Africa, but very little quantified assessment is made about its prevalence and even less about its economic impact. This manuscript summarizes, from bibliographic references, the epidemiological data on Pasteurellosis in general and that of small ruminants in particular.
Keywords: Small Ruminants; Pasteurellosis; Pasteurella; Pneumopathy; Sheep; Goats
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