Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Accidental Deaths in Northern Hilly State: Current Trends and Forthcoming Challenges a Prospective Observational One-and-a-half-year Analysis in SLBSGMCH Mandi, at Ner Chowk, Himachal Pradesh. India

Pankaj Katoch1* and Sanjay Chandel2

1 1Senior Resident, Department of Microbiology, IGMC, Shimla, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, DR. RKGMC Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Pankaj Katoch, Senior Resident, Department of Microbiology, IGMC, Shimla, India.

Received: SNovember 01, 2021; Published: November 19, 2021

Abstract

Background: The current trend in accidental and unnatural deaths is nowadays at an alarming level in developing economies like India. The incidents of fatal accidents are increasing per day and are posing a significant challenge for all the agencies concerned.

Objectives: To study the pattern of accidental deaths including fatal accidental deaths due to vehicular, falling from cliffs, narrow pedestrian roads, and landslides in a hilly area, accidental drowning in river while swimming, or due to any other reason mentioned in the Performa in various age groups according to sex ratio.

Material and Methods: The present prospective observational study was carried out. All the accidental victims whose post mortem examinations were conducted at SLBSGMCH Mandi, at Ner Chowk. Himachal Pradesh. INDIA was comprehended in the study except those below 10 years of age and bodies in the advanced decomposition stage. Various analytic parameters like history, age, sex, time of occurrence, injuries, type of vehicles in RTA, pedestrian hilly road, and topographical conditions, natural calamities, due to fire, gunshot, electrical injuries, etc. were analyzed and conclusions are drawn [1].

Results: There was a marked male dominance (87.91%) with maximum involvement of younger age groups in the range of 20-40 yrs (44.29%). Total cases of fatal accidental cases which happened were 149 out of which male 130 female 19. Others were included in the data like drowning 11 out of 149 = 7.38%, of which 4 cases occurred in less than 20 years age group. while 13 deaths were due to natural calamities mostly in the rainy season out of which 87% were male.

Conclusions: The deaths related to accidental or unnatural accidents in India are considerably increasing per day and to minimize this challenge is a huge concern for the agencies concerned. The loss of human life due to natural accidents especially, due to causes attributable to forces of nature can't be reduced by us because natural fury cannot be controlled by us and the human deaths due to it. But, regarding unnatural accidents, the causes can be attributed to human beings' overconfidence, reckless behavior, deliberate or negligent actions, which can be reduced by strict enforcement of traffic rules and regulations by the police and individuals both contributing in equal measure.

 

Keywords: Accidental Deaths; Topographical Road Traffic Accidents; Prospective Observational Study

References

  1. Abhishek Singh., et al. “An Epidemiological Study of road traffic accident cases at a tertiary care hospital in rural Haryana”. Indian Journal of Community Health2 (2011).
  2. Pal R., et al. “Public health crisis of road traffic accidents in India: Risk factor assessment and recommendations on prevention on the behalf of the Academy of Family Physicians of India”. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 3 (2019): 775-783.
  3. J G Hugar., et al. “Road Traffic Accident Research in India: A Scientometric Study from 1977 to 2020”. (2020).
  4. Lena A., et al. “Road traffic accidents: Development's collateral damage and a major public health and economic concern”. Medico-Legal Update2 (2019): 302-306.
  5. G Gururaj. “Injuries in India: A National Perspective”.
  6. , et al. “Road accidents in India: Dimensions and issues”.
  7. Sanjay Kumar Singh. “Road Traffic Accidents in India: Issues and Challenges”. Transportation Research Procedia 25 (2017): 4708-4719.

Citation

Citation: Pankaj Katoch and Sanjay Chandel. “Accidental Deaths in Northern Hilly State: Current Trends and Forthcoming Challenges a Prospective Observational One-and-a-half-year Analysis in SLBSGMCH Mandi, at Ner Chowk, Himachal Pradesh. India". Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.12 (2021): 41-45.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Pankaj Katoch and Sanjay Chandel. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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