Bioprospecting Marine Microalgae for Commercial Applications
Yogesh Pawar1, Namrata Gangal1, Yash Gupte1, Vinod Nagle1, Ajit Sapre1, Santanu Dasgupta1*, Ganesh Iyer2 and Bhupal Chaugule3
1Reliance Industries Ltd, RCP, Ghansoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
26, Ganesh Co-op Society, Maharashtra, India
3BVDU Poona College of Pharmacy, Erandawane, Pune, India
*Corresponding Author: Yogesh Pawar, Reliance Industries Ltd, RCP, Ghansoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Received: October 06, 2021 ; Published: November 19, 2021
20 marine microalgae strains from 8 genera were collected and screened for biomass generation and biochemical compositions including proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. Fatty acid composition of extracted lipids was analyzed using GCMS to find out their uses in different industrial applications. Chlorella sp. shows the highest protein content of 52% among the 20 strains. Highest lipid content of 29% was observed in Dunaliella sp making it useful in the process of biofuel development. All the strains show presence of saturated fatty acids with monounsaturated fats (MUFA) are found only in 11 strains and polyunsaturated fats (PUFA) are found in 16 strains. Among PUFA ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids are mostly abundant which have nutraceutical and cosmaceutical applications. Highest carbohydrate content of 70% was found in Pseudoneochloris marina which makes it valuable for food industries.
Keywords: Microalgae; Biochemical Characterization; MUFA; PUFA; Proteins; Carbohydrates
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