JO Olayiwola and Lanlehin Folake*
Department of Biological Sciences, Ajayi Crowther University Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Lanlehin Folake, Department of Biological Sciences, Ajayi Crowther University Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Received: September 25, 2021 ; Published: October 23, 2021
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is considered to be the ninth leading cause of death, is one of the major public health problems in the world. Nigeria was rated 8.3% prevalence of hepatitis. Hepatitis virus also called jaundice is an inflammation of the liver caused by DNA virus belonging to the genus of Orthohepadnavirus from the family of hepadnaviridea and sub family of Retroviridae. In consequence of this, there is need to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B viral infection in Oyo state. Informed consent of the out-patients attending clinics in Oyo State were obtained and questionnaires were administered to investigate their knowledge and attitude towards safer practices against the spread of HBV. The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive study of consented individuals of both (Male and Female), the study place were Oyo and Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was conducted for the period of three months. The seroprevalence of the participants were examined with LabAcon rapid kit with 98.2% - 100% and 97.2% - 99.8 for specificity and sensitivity respectively. Out of 45 female participants, five (5) were seropositive to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in whole blood and the relationship is significant (4.15), this study shows a low prevalence of hepatitis B viral infection in Oyo State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Hepatitis B Virus; Infection; Diagnosis; Prevalence
Citation: JO Olayiwola and Lanlehin Folake. “Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection Among the Out-patients in Oyo, Oyo State Nigeria”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.11 (2021): 62-65.
Copyright: © 2021 JO Olayiwola and Lanlehin Folake. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.