CJ Ugboma1*, FL Emmanuel1, GC Disegha1 and ET Godam2
1Department of Microbiology, Rivers State University, Nkpolu Oroworukwo, PortHarcourt Rivers State, Nigeria
2Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Rivers State University, Nkpolu Oroworukwo, PortHarcourt Rivers State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: CJ Ugboma, Department of Microbiology, Rivers State University, Nkpolu Oroworukwo, PortHarcourt Rivers State, Nigeria.
Received: August 20, 2021 ; Published: October 22, 2021
Environmental issue is yet another dimension of the problems of the problems of development in Nigeria within the framework of comprehensive economic and social planning. Discharge of abattoir effluent and the microbiological effect on the environment, specifically bacteriological effects, are the topical issues focused on in this research. The effect of abattoir effluent on the quality of the water in Eliozu river, Rivers State has been studied. The bacteriological parameters, THB, TCC, TFC, TSSC and TVC were examined. Samples were collected in 3weeks from four points, three points (A,B,C) were collected from the Eliozu river, harboring the discharged abattoir effluent while point D was collected as control from another river without abattoir effluents. The bacteria species were isolated, identified using standard microbiological and biochemical techniques to assess the quality and extent of pollution through the discharge of wastes from the abattoir site into the river. Antibiogram was carried out using Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. THB had the highest CFU/ml in week1 with 744 x 107Cfu/ml, TCC had the highest in week2 with 493 x 105Cfu/ml, TFC had the highest in week with 149 x 104Cfu/ml, and TSSC had the highest in week1 with 94.5 x105Cfu/ml. The gram negative bacteria were both resistant and susceptible to the antibiotics used, few were intermediate. The gram positive bacteria were more susceptible to the antibiotics used, few were resistant or intermediate. The data from the results were subject to analysis of variance, no data was achieved from TVC, so it was excluded. All the parameters calculated, were all significant at both 5% and 1%. This implies that there is statistically significant variation between the samples taken weekly and indicates a high effect of pollution from the abattoir. The study has shown that the effluent is microbiologically hazardous to the health of the public that are in contact with the Eliozu River.
Keywords: Eliozu River; Parameters; Abattoir
Citation: CJ Ugboma., et al. “Microbiological Analysis of Abattoir Effluent Discharged into Eliozu River”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.11 (2021): 56-61.
Copyright: © 2021 CJ Ugboma., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.