Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Plague: A Re-emerging Life Threatening Bacterial Zoonosis of Public Health Concern

Mahendra Pal1*, Kirubel Paulos Gutama2, Margo Yonas Shuramo3 and Jyoti Priyadarshini Shrivastava4

1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, India
2Adaba Woreda Livestock and Fishery Resource Development Office, West Arsi, Ethiopia
3Dagam Woreda Livestock and Fishery Resource Development Office, North Shoa, Ethiopia
4Department of Pathology, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior, India

*Corresponding Author: Mahendra Pal, Professor, Founder Director of Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Aangan, Gujarat, India.

Received: September 06, 2021 ; Published:

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Abstract

Plague is a fatal zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis, a Gram negative bacillus that is non-motile, rod-shaped, and a facultative anaerobe. Disease is transmitted by animals and their infected fleas. Yersinia pestis is found all over the world. Humans can contract plague by being bitten by infected fleas, coming into direct contact with contaminated tissue, or inhaling it. There are several types of plague, but the most prevalent are bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. Clinical symptoms and indications should always be supported by usual epidemiological aspects when diagnosing plague. Confirmatory diagnosis, on the other hand, necessitates laboratory testing. The drug of choice for treating plague is streptomycin. In endemic locations, quick reporting helps to prevent exposure of other animals and humans. Early diagnosis and immediate chemotherapy is highly imperative to mitigate the suffering of the patient. Yersinia pestis is susceptible to a variety of disinfectants, and therefore, proper sanitation is very essential.

Keywords: Diagnosis; Life Threatening; Plague; Prevention; Treatment; Yersinia pestis; Zoonosis

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Citation

Citation: Mahendra Pal., et al. “Plague: A Re-emerging Life Threatening Bacterial Zoonosis of Public Health Concern”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.11 (2021): 21-24.




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