Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Initiation of a New Frontier in Obstetrics and Gynaecolgy - The Role of Vaginal Microbiota Dysbiosis in Case of Gynaecological Diseases and the Potential Treatment with Antibiotics, Probiotics and Vaginal Microbiota transplantation - How Practical Will it be - A Systematic Review

Kulvinder Kochar Kaur1*, Gautam Allahbadia2 and Mandeep Singh3

1Scientific Director, Dr Kulvinder Kaur Centre for Human Reproduction, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
2Scientific Director, Rotunda-A Centre for Human Reproduction, Mumbai, India
3Consultant Neurologist, Swami Satyan and Hospital, Jalandhar, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Kulvinder Kochar Kaur, Scientific Director, Dr Kulvinder Kaur Centre for Human Reproduction, Jalandhar, Punjab, India.

Received: October 31, 2020 ; Published: August 27, 2021

Abstract

  Learning from Gut microbiota experience, with the use utilization of probiotics mainly comprised by various Lactobacillus species here we tried to review the association of vaginal microbiota impairment possessing the characteristics of loss or absence of predominance of Lactobacillus in addition to enhancement of microbial diversity has been observed in the past few years to possess an intricate association with gynaecological diseases. Hence we did a systematic review utilizing the search engine pubmed, google scholar; web of science; embase; Cochrane review library utilizing the MeSH terms like vaginal microbiota; dysbiosis; candidiasis; trichomoniasis; HIV; HPV Infection; cervical cancer; atrophic vaginitis; bacterial vaginitis; Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) correlation with dysbiosis; uterine fibroids; miscarriage prevention; preterm labour prevention; DUB; Probiotics; lactobacilli spp of vagina; other anaerobes in bacterial vaginitis (BV)from 2005 till date for latest updates in this field. We found a total of 75articles out of which we selected 50 articles for this review. No meta-analysis was done. At present antibiotic as well as probiotics can adequately cure BV, by correction of the Vaginal microbiota as well as escalating the Vaginal environment. Despite them having efficacy, the limitations are drug resistance in addition to high rate of recurrence. Here we have detailed further the significance of altered vaginal along with uterine microbiome in the aetiopathogenesis of certain gynaecological diseases, besides Initiation of miscarriages, preterm labour that brings a new paradigm In the treatment of these diseases like PCOS, uterine fibroids, etc. Further role of Vaginal microbiome transplantation (VMT) is discussed as a therapy in drug resistant chlamydiasis, trichomoniasis, besides escalation of HIV, HPV with disturbed vaginal microbiota that has become markedly prevalent with the correlation of AIDS with greater incidence of these resistant fungal infections. Hence generation of a Lactobacillus predominance in both vagina in addition to uterine cavity have been demonstrated to aid in reversal of conditions like PCOS. More randomized controlled trials are required for these to become the mainstay of treating PCOS that has no definite cure till date, besides prevention of acquisition of HPV and cervical cancer.

Keywords: Vaginal Microbiota; Dysbiosis; Lactobacillus Predominance; PCOS; VMT

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Citation

Citation: Kochar Kaur., et al. “Initiation of a New Frontier in Obstetrics and Gynaecolgy - The Role of Vaginal Microbiota Dysbiosis in Case of Gynaecological Diseases and the Potential Treatment with Antibiotics, Probiotics and Vaginal Microbiota transplantation - How Practical Will it be - A Systematic Review ”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.9 (2021): 154-166.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Kochar Kaur., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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