Resurgence of Bacterial Diseases, Pathogenesis, Host Immune Responses, Prevention and its Control
Ravi Kant Upadhyay*
Department of Zoology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Ravi Kant Upadhyay, Department of Zoology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, UP, India.
Received: July 12, 2021 ; Published: July 28, 2021
Present review article describes causes of resurgence, pathogenesis and prevention of serious and potentially life-threatening bacterial diseases i.e. typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, leptospirosis, Brucellosis, pertussis, shigellosis, leprosy, anthrax, and plague occur in human. This article high lights effect of climatic and weather conditions on vector and food-borne bacterial diseases, its various modes of transmission to humans. This article also explains effect of various toxins on body tissues, cells and organ systems that results in increase in the morbidity in patients. On one side there is a problem in treatment of bacterial diseases and safety of patients and on other side there is rising bacterial resistance to antimicrobials. Development of drug resistant biotypes of bacteria is showing high infectivity, morbidity and potentially devastating consequences of illness with high death rates. These newly resurged bacterial strains are detrimental and making heavy losses to world economy, health, education, tourism, social interaction, religion, labor, markets, transportation, and human freedom. This article emphasizes the various contributing factors which are responsible for emergence and re-emergence of bacterial diseases, and its, diagnostics, treatment and prophylactic measures for community protection.
Keywords: Bacterial Diseases; Drug Resistance; Resurgence; Pathogenesis; Prevention
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