Kulvinder Kochar Kaur*
Scientific Director, Dr Kulvinder Kaur Centre for Human Reproduction, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
*Corresponding Author: Kulvinder Kochar Kaur, Scientific Director, Dr Kulvinder Kaur Centre for Human Reproduction, Jalandhar, Punjab, India.
Received: June 28, 2021 ; Published: July 21, 2021
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease that occurs secondary to infection by the Apicomplexa protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, having the capacity to infect all warm blooded animals . It is a disease prevalent all over the world with Prevalence of 40%-which goes as high as 70% in Mexico based on region [2,3]. Earlier we had reviewed the impact of TORCH testing and management of pregnancy with toxoplasmosis . It has the ability of inducing abortion, encephalitis, with being a major opportunistic threat in patients infected with HIV . 2 phases of human Toxoplasmosis exist, namely acute as well as chronic. During acute phase, the parasite spreads in the tachyzoite stage, that is markedly invasive as well as motile asexual form. At this particular stage, the parasite has the capacity to cross across any kind of biological barrier that are placenta and blood brain barrier (BBB) . The motility of the parasite is based on the actomyosin machinery present below the plasma membrane kaglideosome . Toxoplasma possesses 3 particular secretory organelles with specific proteins, that get liberated in a regulated as well as particular manner in the form of parasite biological requirements: the micronemes (MIC proteins), rhoptries (ROP proteins) along with dense granules (GRA proteins) .
Citation: Kulvinder Kochar Kaur. “An Update on the Management of Toxoplasmosis with Relation to Pregnancy with Current Advances ”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.8 (2021): 53-56.
Copyright: © 2021 Kulvinder Kochar Kaur. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.