Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 8

Global Determinants of Covid-19 Deaths: Lockdown Dates and Social Distancing Measures Mattered

Vince Hooper*

Professor, University of Huddersfield in London, Bounty House, Docklands, London, England, UK

*Corresponding Author: Vince Hooper, Professor, University of Huddersfield in London, Bounty House, Docklands, London, England, UK.

Received: June 26, 2021 ; Published: July 09, 2021


Objectives: The objective of this paper is to examine the influence that various contextual variables have upon the number of deaths due to covid-19, across the world.

Setting Level: This study utilizes data for 125 countries for contextual variables from 1st January 2020 until the 15th June 2020.

Participants: This study considers deaths from covid-19.

Interventions: None.

Primary and Secondary Outcome Measures: The contextual variables considered in this study are stringency index, stringency variability, lockdown date, population density, level of airline passengers and country health security index.

Results: It is shown there is a very strong association between the level of airline passengers and covid-19 deaths. The results from regression analysis conducted in this study show significant positive relationships at the 5% level of statistical significance between Deaths from covid-19 and airline passenger levels and stringency variability; significant negative relationships are revealed for stringency index and lockdown date supporting the notion that lock down and social distancing measures mattered and were effective. The Global health security index and population density did not significantly affect deaths.

Conclusion: This study highlights the strong link between a country’s airline passengers and covid-19 deaths and found that the lockdown date and stringency measures had a significant effect upon deaths. The implications of the research is that lockdown and stringency measures implemented by governments around the world worked and mattered. Further, the fact that global health security did not affect deaths may indicate better preparedness required to confront future pandemics.


  1. “World Bank Development Indicators” (2019).
  2. “World Air Transport Statistics” (2019).
  3. Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University. “Coronavirus Government Response Tracker” (2020).
  4. “Lockdown Dates by Country” (2020).
  5. “Global Health Security Index” (2019).
  6. “Reported Cases and Deaths by Country, Territory, or Conveyance” (2020).


Citation: Vince Hooper. “Global Determinants of Covid-19 Deaths: Lockdown Dates and Social Distancing Measures Mattered ”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.8 (2021): 26-30.


Copyright: © 2021 Vince Hooper. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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