Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Emergence of a Novel Virus - A Review Article

RJ Charulatha1, B Krishna Prasanth2* and Hariharan S3

1Second Year Post Graduate, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India
2Epidemiologist and Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India
3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India

*Corresponding Author: B Krishna Prasanth, Second Year Post Graduate, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India.

Received: October 17,2020; Published: January 28, 2021

×

Abstract

The commencement of the 21st century has witnessed deadly viral infections mainly SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in 2002 and 2012 subsequently. The current decade further ascended with the emergence of the first outbreak of pneumonia of unknown origin from Wuhan City, China which was later identified exclusively as the epicenter of the disease and later linked to the spread of the disease resulting in pandemic [1]. Genomic analysis revealed that SARS-CoV-2 is phylogenetically related to severe acute respiratory syndrome-like (SARS-like) bat viruses, therefore bats could be the possible primary reservoir. The intermediate source of origin and transfer to humans is not known, however, the rapid human to human transfer has been confirmed widely. There is no clinically approved antiviral drug or vaccine available to be used against COVID-19. However, few broad-spectrum antiviral drugs have been evaluated against COVID-19 in clinical trials, resulted in clinical recovery. In the current review, we summarize and comparatively analyze the emergence and pathogenicity of COVID-19 infection and previous human coronaviruses severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). This article gives a brief view about this new virus [2]. Since knowledge about this virus is rapidly evolving and under research, readers are urged to upgrade themselves regularly [3].

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; MERS-CoV

×

References

  1. Malik YS., et al. “Emerging novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)—current scenario, evolutionary perspective based on genome analysis and recent developments”. Veterinary Quarterly1 (2020): 68-76.
  2. Shereen MA., et al. “COVID-19 infection: Origin, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses”. Journal of Advanced Research 24 (2020): 91-98.
  3. H Singhal T. “A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19)”. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 13 (2020): 1-6.
  4. Zhu N., et al. “A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019”. New England Journal of Medicine8 (2020): 727-733.
  5. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
  6. https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/all-about-the-china-coronavirus-covid-19/article30692734.ece
  7. Cascella M., et al. “Features, evaluation and treatment coronavirus (COVID-19)”. InStatPearls (2020).
  8. Rothan HA and Byrareddy SN. “The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak”. Journal of Autoimmunity 26 (2020): 102433.
  9. Chatterjee P., et al. “The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: A review of the current evidence”. Indian Journal of Medical Research 2 (2020): 147.
  10. Huang C., et al. “Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China”. The Lancet10223 (2020): 497-506.
  11. Jin YH., et al. “A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)”. Military Medical Research1 (2020): 4.
  12. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/dexamethasone-covid-treatment-trial-explained-6465602/
  13. https://www.news18.com/news/india/favipiravir-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-new-covid-19-medicine-and-its-effects-on-patients-2679929.html
  14. Dhama K., et al. “Coronavirus disease 2019–COVID-19”.
  15. Malik YS., et al. “Emerging Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), a pandemic public health emergency with animal linkages: Current status update” (2020).
  16. Vellingiri B., et al. “COVID-19: A promising cure for the global panic”. Science of The Total Environment 4 (2020): 138277.
×

Citation

Citation: B Krishna Prasanth., et al. “Emergence of a Novel Virus - A Review Article”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.2 (2021): 64-68.




Metrics

Acceptance rate33%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.810

Indexed In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 20, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US