Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders (ASGIS)(ISSN: 2582-1091)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Ethnic and Geographical Distribution of Liver Cancer in Mexico. Review

Carlos Flórez-Zorrilla1,2*, Karina Mendoza-Gallo2,3, Miguel Charco-Cruz2 and Alberto De Jesús-Flores2

1Hepatopancreatobiliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, Hospital Regional Valentín Gómez Farías-ISSSTE, México City, México

2Hepatopancreatobiliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, Centro Médico Puerta de Hierro Andares, Zapópan, México

3Department of Pediatrics, Hospital General de Zona 89-IMSS, Guadalajara, México

*Corresponding Author: Carlos Flórez-Zorrilla, Hepatopancreatobiliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, Hospital Regional Valentín Gómez Farías-ISSSTE, México City, México.

Received: April 24, 2023; Published: May 09, 2023

Abstract

Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world but it´s increasing mortality led to be the second cause of cancer-related death. In 2021 we had in Mexico 41,890 deaths due to liver cirrhosis, 35.6% of them because of chronic alcoholic liver disease. and primary liver cancer represented the third cause of death in 2015. In the last 20 years liver cancer mortality increased about 50% years despite the recent advances in medical technology and new treatments available for hepatitis C-virus (HCV) and hepatocarcinoma. In our experience at three medical centers, two thirds of the patients with liver cancer were related to HCV and the mortality rate was higher in patients over 65 years and in males over 45 years.

According to Globocan 2022 report, the highest incidence in the world is in Southeast Asia and in the Americas the highest mortality is in Guatemala and El Salvador followed by Mexico and Costa Rica.

This review focuses on the geographical and ethnic distribution of liver cancer in Mexico as well as the mortality rate in the different regions of the country to identify possible risk factors affecting them and favor the development of liver cancer.

 Keywords: Liver Cancer; Hepatocellular Carcinoma; Cirrhosis; Ethnic; Geographic

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Citation

Citation: Carlos Flórez-Zorrilla., et al. “Ethnic and Geographical Distribution of Liver Cancer in Mexico. Review". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 6.6 (2023): 18-21.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Carlos Flórez-Zorrilla., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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