Comparative Analysis of Risk Factors for the Burden of Oncological Diseases in men in Muslim and Christian Countries with the Same Economic and Geographical Location
Ludmila Radkevich1* and Dariya Radkevich2
1Doctor of Biological Sciences, Chief Researcher, Center for Theoretical Problems of Physicochemical Pharmacology of the Russian Academy of Sciences CTP PCP RAS, 30 Srednya Kalitnikovskaya, Moscow, Russia
2Specialist (Physicist), Analyst, Center for Theoretical Problems of Physicochemical Pharmacology of the Russian Academy of Sciences CTP PCP RAS, 30 Srednya Kalitnikovskaya, Moscow, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Ludmila Radkevich, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Chief Researcher, Center for Theoretical Problems of Physicochemical Pharmacology of the Russian Academy of Sciences CTP PCP RAS, 30 Srednya Kalitnikovskaya, Moscow, Russia.
July 25, 2022; Published: October 21, 2022
Objective: To study risk factors for the burden of cancer in Muslim and Christian countries in 2004.
Methods and Results: Mann-Whitney U test. 33 Muslim countries and 33 Christian countries were matched with the same Economic-Geographical position.
The "quality of life" for Muslims and Christians did not have a statistical difference. Muslims had 2 times less than Christians the burden of Esophageal, Melanoma, Breast and Prostate cancer (p ≤ 0.022) and 3 times less than the burden of Alcoholism. But Muslims had a 1.4 times higher burden of Bladder cancer and Lymphoma than Christians (p ≤ 0.023).
The burden of the remaining 8 types of cancer was not statistically significantly different between Muslims and Christians. It was established that Muslims and Christians chose different food products from the same daily set of products in terms of volume and composition (Medians: 1185 and 1064 g/person/day, 45 types). So, Muslims consumed 2 times less Christian Pigmeat, 3 times less Fats Animals, Maize, Beans, Beverages, Alcoholic, Wine, 6 times less Beer.
But Muslims consumed 3-4 times more than Christians Mutton and Goat Meat, Wheat, Nuts, Onions, Vegetables and 1.4 times the total amount of Grains and legumes. For the remaining 30 types of products, the daily consumption of Muslims and Christians did not differ statistically significantly. It has been established that the intake of macronutrients of animal origin (Energy, Proteins and Fats) in 1990 and 2005 for Muslims was 33% lower than for Christians (p ≤ 0.024). At the same time, Total Energy and its percentage composition (Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats) did not have statistically significant differences between Muslims and Christians in 1990 and 2005.
Conclusions: The results suggest differences in cancer burden risk factors between Muslims and Christians and suggest a continuation of the study.
Keywords: Muslims; Christians; Quality of Life; Metabolic Syndrome; Cancer Risk Factors; Levels of Consumption of Foods; Alcoholic Beverages; Nutrients
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Ludmila Radkevich and Dariya Radkevich. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.