Shadlinsakaya SV*, Aliyeva NH, Huseynov BM
Department of Human Anatomy and Medical Terminology, Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, Azerbaijan
*Corresponding Author: Shadlinsakaya SV, Department of Human Anatomy and Medical Terminology, Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, Azerbaijan.
Received: July 25, 2022; Published:
Introduction: Regardless of the organ belonging, lymphoid formations of organs are considered the source of many diseases. However, the lymphoid structures of the vaginal vestibule and intrahepatic bile ducts are poorly understood. The available information about these structures is very brief and does not meet modern requirements.
The aim of the study was to obtain complex macromicroscopic data on the lymphoid apparatus of the vestibule of the vagina and intrahepatic bile ducts in humans.
Materials and Methods: Lymphoid formations of the vestibule of the vagina and intrahepatic bile ducts were studied on the corpses of 56 people of different ages. On total preparations, lymphoid formations were studied according to the Hellman T method. In addition, the microanatomy of lymphoid structures was studied on microscopic preparations. These preparations were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, according to van Gieson, azur-2-eosin, alcian blue, according to Kreyberg.
Results: The structural analysis performed showed that the vestibule of the vagina and intrahepatic bile ducts have developed lymphoid apparatus. Lymphoid structures on total liver preparations after elective staining are detected as dark (mainly dark blue) structures. Microanatomical methods determine all morphogenetic forms of lymphoid formations - lymphocytes in the epithelium, diffuse lymphoid tissue, lymphoid nodules. In the walls of the vestibule of the vagina there are lymphoid nodules located near the small glands. Cells of the lymphoid series are always located near the excretory ducts of the glands. Cells of the lymphoid series of the vestibule of the vagina singly or in the form of lymphoid clusters, as well as in the form of strands, are located in the stroma of the initial sections of the glands, in close proximity to glandulocytes. The diffuse lymphoid tissue of the liver is mainly located around the bile ducts and next to the small veins. Lymphoid nodules of the intrahepatic bile ducts do not have centers of reproduction. We have revealed microsyntopic relationships between cells of the lymphoid series (microassociations of cells). All lymphoid formations of the vaginal vestibule and intrahepatic bile ducts are represented by the same type of lymphoid cells with a significant predominance of lymphocytes, numerous plasma cells, macrophages, and reticular cells. Cells with signs of mitosis, a few mast cells are always determined: cells in a state of degeneration.
Conclusion: Lymphoid formations of the vestibule of the vagina and intrahepatic bile ducts are represented by diffuse lymphoid tissue and lymphoid nodules, located mainly near the small glands of the vestibule of the vagina, around the bile ducts and next to the small veins.
Keywords: Vestibule of Vagina; Intrahepatic Bile Ducts; Small Glands; Diffuse Lymphoid Tissue; Lymphoid Nodules
Citation: Shadlinsakaya SV., et al. “Macromicroscopic Anatomy of the Lymphoid Formations of the Vaginal Vestibule and Intrahepatic Bile Ducts and Human". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 5.9 (2022): .
Copyright: © 2022 Shadlinsakaya SV., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.