Colorectal Cancer Burden and Screening Practices in Brazil: A Qualitative Study on Perceptions from Published Authors
Sphindile Magwaza1*, Guido Van Hal1 and Muhammad Hoque2
1Social Epidemiology and Health Policy, University of Antwerp, Belgium
2Management College of Southern Africa, Durban-South Africa
*Corresponding Author: Sphindile Magwaza, Social Epidemiology and Health Policy, University of Antwerp, Belgium .
April 29, 2022; Published: June 08, 2022
Background: The study describes the views on colorectal cancer (CRC) burden and screening programmes from the perspectives of published authors located in Brazil and compare those with the South African perceptions as both countries are members of emerging economic partnership with China, India and Russia named “BRICS”.
Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using purposive sampling, targeting authors of published papers on CRC from peer-reviewed journals located in Brazil, that were identified through search engines including PubMED.gov, research gate, Academia and Web of Science. A SurveyMonkey was used and only nine participants from Brazil responded. Poor response rate was due the second wave of covid19 infection.
Results: Most participants from Brazil, agreed on the statement that CRC was one of the top five cancers in their country. Population based cancer registry are used as the main sources of data in Brazil. The factors affected CRC screening mentioned included a lack of CRC screening policy; high cost of CRC screening; country size limiting access to services; scarce resources; CRC as not a national priority; high demand placed from Universal Health Insurance and inaccessibility to private health care.
Conclusion: The study highlights multi-facet factors affecting access and effectiveness of CRC screening create opportunities for collaboration related to surveillance, demand creation; innovative screening methods and future research.
Keywords: Colorectal Cancer; Qualitative Interviews; Screening; Colonoscopy; Brazil
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