Arybzhanov DT*, Gantsev Sh Kh, Rysbekov MM, Besedin BV, Saburov AR, Isametov DR, Yun VV, Adilov Sh R and Zhumagulova AK
Bashkir State Medical University, Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia, South - Kazakhstan Medical Academy, City Cancer Center, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
*Corresponding Author: Arybzhanov DT, Bashkir State Medical University, Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia, South - Kazakhstan Medical Academy, City Cancer Center, Shymkent, Kazakhstan.
Received: November 01, 2021; Published: May 21, 2022
This article presents an analysis of the immediate and long-term results of interventional radiology methods in oncological practice at the premises of South - Kazakhstan Regional Oncologic Dispensary for a 17-year period (2004-2020).
Since 2004, the first attempts to introduce intraarterial chemotherapy for cervical cancer have been started in South- Kazakhstan Regional Oncologic Dispensary. Currently, the specialists of Regional Oncologic Dispensary widely perform such endovascular (interventional) operations as: angiography, regional intraarterial chemotherapy, chemoembolization, placement of infusion port systems, percutaneous drainage of bile and urinary ducts, etc.
For 17 years (2004-2020), in Shymkent, there were treated more than 3700 patients with tumor diseases of various localization using endovascular methods. Currently, about 300 endovascular procedures are performed annually in City Cancer Center, more than 150 of them are performed as tertiary health care. The immediate and long-term results of the use of X-ray surgical methods of treatment in cancer patients showed that the control over recurrent glioblastomas was achieved in 72% of patients up to 18 months. As the initial stage of treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, intraarterial chemotherapy allowed the completion of radical therapy in more than 73% of patients. After treatment of patients with lung cancer by X-ray surgical methods, the 5-year survival rate was 14.3% (p < 0.05). The 7-year survival rate was 11.4% (p < 0.05). The 10-year survival rate was 5.7% (p < 0.05). In liver cancer, the one-year mortality began to decrease intensively from 2007 for the period from 2008 to 2018, the one-year mortality of patients decreased by 32.4%. The total mortality of patients over the past 10 years has decreased by 2 times (5.7 per 100 thousand of population in 2004, and in 2018, this indicator was 2.5 per 100 thousand of population).
Thus, X-ray endovascular methods of diagnosis and treatment in oncological practice may and should be widely used in order to improve the treatment outcomes, prolonging survival and improving the quality of life of oncologic patients. The use of such highly specialized methods of treatment makes it possible to meet the requirements set by the head of state and the government in the field of modern healthcare development and to maintain a course aimed at studying, supporting and widely introducing advanced technologies for the treatment of serious cancer patients.
Keywords: Experience; Organization; Endovascular Oncology; Chemotherapy; Implementation of Methods
Citation: Arybzhanov DT., et al. “Modern Possibilities of Interventional Radiology Methods in the Treatment of Patients in Cancer Center". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 5.6 (2022): 55-63.
Copyright: © 2022 Arybzhanov DT., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.