Eleonora Pagnotta1, Andrea Lisotti2, Luisa Ugolini1, Roberto Matteo1, Placido Franco3, Giulia Roda4*, Aldo Roda4,5 and Enrico Roda4
1Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Industrial Crops, CREA-CI via di Corticella, Bologna, Italy
2Department of Medical and Surgical Science - DIMEC, University of Bologna, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Massarenti, Bologna, Italy
3Department of Chemistry “Giacomo Ciamician”, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Via Selmi, Bologna, Italy
4FISS - Health Sciences Institute Foundation, Via Stradelli Guelfi, Bologna, Italy
5Biostructures and Biosystems National Institute (INBB), Viale delle Medaglie d'Oro, Rome, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Giulia Roda, FISS - Health Sciences Institute Foundation, Via Stradelli Guelfi, Bologna, Italy.
Received: February 24, 2022; Published: April 18, 2022
Introduction: Most patients with metabolic syndrome present non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFD). High consumption of fruit and vegetable has been related to a lower incidence of chronic diseases. Of note, among vegetables, brassicaceae family is at the first place. Therapeutic strategies to treat inflammatory disease as well as cancer are evolving and includes biologically active phytocompounds. A sulfur-containing glucosinolate (GLS) secondary plant compounds exclusively present in Brassicaceae- and their breakdown products including isothiocyanates (NCS) have shown to possess important anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic property. The aim of this work was the evaluation of the effects of daily consumption of E. sativa defatted seed meal enriched bakery products on glucose and lipid metabolism and on systemic markers of inflammation.
Material and Methods: After an 8-week run-in period, patients were asked for 4 weeks to maintain their usual diet replacing 150 gr. of bakery products with the same number of enriched bakery product. Fasting glucose and insulin, HOMA-r, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglyceride, ALT, Gamma-GT, high sensitivity C reactive protein, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8 and TNF-α were compared before and after the study period.
Results: HOMA-r showed a statistically significant reduction after 4 weeks period as well as cholesterol ratio 3.8 ± 1.0 vs. 3.6 ± 1.0 (P = 0.03). Among markers of inflammation, high sensitivity CRP showed a statistically significant reduction (-36.8%) from 1.4 (0.4 - 10.4) to 0.9 (0.4 - 8.7) mg/dl (P = 0.02) as well as TNF-α 8.0 ± 3.0 vs. 7.1 ± 2.7 pg/ml (- 11.3%; P < 0.001). Despite a mild ALT reduction (- 7.0%), Gamma-GT showed a - 21.0% decrease from 20.0 ± 6.6 to 15.8 ± 6.4 U/L (P < 0.001). IL-6 and IL-8 were substantially unmodified.
Conclusion: as cracker can improve glucose and lipids metabolism in parallel with a significant improvement of serum Bakery products enriched with Eruca sativa Mill defatted seed meal markers of inflammation and therefore being of interest for patients affected by inflammatory diseases.
Keywords: Bakery Products; Eruca Sativa Mill; Glucose and Lipid; Seed Meal
Citation: Giulia Roda., et al. “Bakery Products Enriched with Eruca Sativa Mill Defatted Seed Meal Ameliorates Systemic Markers of Inflammation and Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Adults- A Pilot Study". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 5.5 (2022): 08-14.
Copyright: © 2022 Giulia Roda., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.