Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders (ASGIS)(ISSN: 2582-1091)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Nutritional Behavior and Quantitative and Qualitative Dietary Balance in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients

Mariem Ben Jemaa1, Fatma Mhamdi2, Hanen Falleh1, Riadh Ksouri1 and Raja Serairi Beji1,3*

1Laboratorire des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj Cedria, Hammam-lif, Tunisie

2Université Mahmoud El Materi, rue Bourgine, Montplaisir, Tunis, Tunisie

3École Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de la Santé de Tunis. Tunisie

*Corresponding Author: Raja Serairi Beji, Laboratorire des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj Cedria, Hammam-lif, Tunisie.

Received: December 20, 2021; Published: January 24, 2022 January 21, 2022

Abstract

This manuscript was focused on the nutritional behavior of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and the assessment of their quantitative and qualitative dietary balance in order to evaluate the role of dietary factors in patient healing process. The first part of the study was devoted to a retrospective cross-sectional survey involving 50 patients diagnosed with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in order to investigate their nutritional behavior. The interview identified the patient gender, age, family situation, ethnicity, career, family and personal ancestors, swallowing difficulties, and the date of diagnosis. After that, the anthropometric profile of questioned patients was drawn via their size, weight and their Body Mass Index (BMI) measurements. In addition, their brachial circumference, their tricipital cutan fold and their brachial muscle circumference were evaluated. Finally, blood samples of investigated patient were used for Albuminemia, Reactive Protein C (RPC), Superoxyde Dismutase (SOD) and for the Glutathion peroxydase measurements. Obtained results demonstrated that the questioned population was formed of 68% men and the average age was 55 years. Moreover, 77,6% of questioned patient declared their new diagnosis and 33 patients had difficulty to swallow. Considering the anthropometric profile of questioned patients, results highlighted that 70% of the studied population had a normal BMI, 26% were in overweight, and just 2% had grade 1 malnutrition. Gathered results suggested that the average of brachial circumference, tricipital cutan fold and muscle circumference were 19,86; 11,63 and 16,23, respectively. Blood biological analysis demonstrated that all the studied sample were in an inflammatory phase, 90% have hypoalbuminemia, 72,4% showed a decrease in the enzymatic activity of the Superoxyde Dismutase and the Glutathion peroxydase. In conclusion, gathered results present an interesting data basis for therapists in order to avoid malnutrition and its consequences for nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.

Keywords:Nutritional Behavior; Dietary Balance; Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

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Citation

Citation: Raja Serairi Beji., et al. “Nutritional Behavior and Quantitative and Qualitative Dietary Balance in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients". Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 5.2 (2022): 17-26.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Raja Serairi Beji., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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