Temporal Trends in Hospitality and Mortality Due to Colorectal Cancer in Santa Catarina from 2000 to 2017
Esthefânia de Souza Maciel1*, Giovanna Grunewald Vietta2, Mariano Kolankiewicz Filho3, Camila Fabris1, Ana Luisa Pedrazza4, Adriel Vernes Abu El Haje1 and Márcia Regina Kretzer5
1Medical Doctor, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - UNISUL, Brazil
2PhD in Medical Sciences, Professor of Medicine, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - UNISUL, Brazil
3General and Laparoscopic Surgeon, Member of the Brazilian Society of Digestive Endoscopy, Hospital Vale do Araguaia, Brazil
4Medical Student, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - UNISUL, Brazil
5PhD in Public Health, Professor of Medicine, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - UNISUL, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Esthefânia de Souza Maciel, Medical Doctor, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - UNISUL, Brazil.
November 08, 2021; Published: November 23, 2021
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the five most frequent cancers in Brazil, and Santa Catarina is one of the most affected states. Mortality due to CCR is high. This type of cancer has a poorly explored hospitalization profile in the literature.
Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of hospitalization and mortality due to CRC in Santa Catarina between 2000 and 2017.
Methods: Ecological study of time series with data from the Hospital Information System and Mortality Information System available in DATASUS. Simple linear regression, confidence interval 95%, p <0.05.
Results: There were 37,513 hospitalizations and 7,809 deaths in the analyzed period. The hospitalization rates showed a tendency to increase in the state, from 15.72/100,000 in 2000 to 87.53/100,000 in 2017, and in both sexes. The male sex presented the highest hospitalization rates, from 15.63/100,000 at the beginning to 90.35/100,000 at the end (p < 0.001). Tendency to increase in the age groups from 30 years in both sexes. The mortality trend presented an increase from 7.92/100,000 deaths in 2000 to 12.86/100,000 in 2017. The same trend was observed in both sexes, female age groups between 40-49 and male age groups between 40-69. Tendency to reduction in the 20-29 age group in females (p = 0.017).
Conclusion: Santa Catarina has a tendency to increase hospitalization and mortality rates in both genders and in young adults. Male sex has the highest rates of hospitalization and death.
Keywords: Colorectal Cancer; Mortality; Hospitalization; Trend
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