Department of Gastroenterology, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London
*Corresponding Author: Riddhima Banerji, Department of Gastroenterology, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London.
Received: July 03, 2021; Published: November 11, 2021
Intestinal malabsorption is a complex clinical condition with multiple adverse consequences. An understanding of the basic principles underlying the process of nutrient absorption is, therefore, essential. The normal assimilation and digestion of essential nutrients depends on the optimal motor, secretory and absorptive functions of the gastrointestinal system. The enteric nervous system plays an important role in this process. The physiology of absorption is complex. This is possibly because multiple functions of the GI system, both at the cellular and organic levels, must be carefully orchestrated together in order to bring about effective absorption and digestion. Therefore, defects in this intricate system would lead to the malabsorption of nutrients, with malnutrition as the result. The most common causes of malabsorption in the United Kingdom are coeliac disease, Crohn’s disease and chronic pancreatitis . This review article will discuss the general mechanisms leading to malabsorption and then focus on chronic pancreatitis, the defects occurring in this condition, the physiological consequences of the malabsorption which occurs as a result of these defects and the clinical features arising as a consequence.
Keywords: Intestinal Malabsorption; Chronic Pancreatitis; Pancreatic Lipase; Steatorrhoea; Malnutrition
Citation: Riddhima Banerji. “Chronic Pancreatitis and Malabsorption - Defects Involved and Physiological Consequences”. Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 4.12 (2021): 13-16.
Copyright: © 2021 Riddhima Banerji. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.