Comparative Millennial and Z Generation Endoscopic Surgical Skills
José Luis Mosso Vázquez*, Renata Moreno Cordero, Paula Loyola Nieto, Alberto Moscona Nissan, Megan Barragan Wolff, Eduardo Brenner Muslera and Andrea Campos Díaz
School of Medicine, Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: José Luis Mosso Vázquez, School of Medicine, Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City, Mexico.
August 02, 2021; Published: August 27, 2021
Introduction: Having been raised in contrasting backgrounds, Generation Z has developed surrounded by the internet, social media, artificial intelligence, and video games as opposed to Millennial. This augmented exposure could provide an advantage for Generation Z individuals over Millennial in the development of finer laparoscopic surgical skills when comparing both groups’ performance.
Aim of the Study: The aim of this study is to demonstrate that Generation Z students surpass Millennial in performing laparoscopic surgical tasks.
Methods: Two comparative groups participated, 43 Millennial and 41 Generation Z students, respectively. A laparoscopic surgical task was completed by each student with the time taken to complete the task measured in seconds. The data obtained were analyzed using representative statistics, such as mean x ̅, standard deviation (σ), and maximum and minimum time. Chi-Square test analysis was chosen as the statistical method to compare surgical skills between groups. Mobile phones were integrated into Endoscopic surgical simulators and used as laparoscopes after being connected to a computing device.
Results: Generation Z performed the laparoscopic surgical task with the following results: χ2 (Chi-square test) 10.86 and α (alpha) = 0.01, and a mean time of 107.40 seconds. Meanwhile, millennial students completed the task in a mean time of 146.09 seconds.
Conclusion: Generation Z’s higher performance could possibly be explained by their precocious exposure to technological advances. Overall, technology has provided teenagers with skills such as increased hand-eye coordination and visuo spatial cognitive abilities that could potentially be of use in medical education, specifically benefitting surgical dexterity and facility within the field.
Keywords: Millennial; Generation Z; Laparoscopy
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