Department of Biology, Bal Kalyan Vidhya Mandir Ma. Vi., Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Hemshankar Laugi, Department of Biology, Bal Kalyan Vidhya Mandir Ma. Vi., Nepal.
Received: July 07, 2021; Published: July 20, 2021
Citation: Hemshankar Laugi. “CRISPR Genome Editing: A Boon to Medical Science”. Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders 4.8 (2021): 38-39.
CRISPR, an acronym for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, is one of the major discoveries in the field of medical science. It is a type of bacterial adaptive immunity used to fight against bacteriophages. It is a type of memory. Whenever a virus attacks a bacterium for the first time, it creates a memory which is used to fight with that virus if it attacks the second time. In this system, small guide RNAs (crRNAs) are employed for sequence-specific interference with invading nucleic acids. CRISPR-Cas comprises a genomic locus called CRISPR that has short repetitive elements (repeats) separated by unique sequences (spacers), which can originate from mobile genetic elements (MGEs) such as bacteriophages, transposons, or plasmids .
Copyright: © 2021 Hemshankar Laugi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.